Red currant is a medium-sized and very popular deciduous shrub in our country. This plant is actively cultivated in summer cottages, and its planting and cultivation is not difficult even for novice gardeners.
The best early, mid-ripening and late varieties of red currant
The average ripening of red-fruited currants depends not only on varietal characteristics, but also on the proper care technology, as well as soil and climatic characteristics in the cultivation region.
Name of hybrid form or variety
Early ripening red currant
Highly productive, medium-fruited, with good taste, for fresh consumption or harvesting for the winter
Self-fertile, forms a yellowish, rounded, medium-sized fruit, has a very balanced taste
With high winter hardiness, disease-resistant and highly productive, with pleasant sour-sweet fruits of medium size
With decent resistance to diseases and plant parasites, highly productive, forming large sour-sweet fruits collected in long brushes
Ancient domestic early ripe variety from folk selection, characterized by a good level of winter hardiness and relative resistance to anthracnose damage
Highly productive, highly resistant to anthracnose and kidney mites, with pinkish-red, sour fruits
Mid-season red-fruited currants
Productive and large-fruited, self-fertile, with red dense fruits suitable for fresh consumption and harvesting for the winter
Disease-resistant, dessert, with aligned medium-sized pinkish fruits and a sweet dessert flavor
Highly productive and resistant to damage by mycoses, it forms bright red large fruits used for fresh consumption, freezing and harvesting for the winter period
Highly productive and very winter-hardy, with high resistance to fungal infection, forms small, very tasty red fruits
Self-fertile winter-hardy and highly productive, with high resistance to fungal infection, forms red rounded fruits with a good sour-sweet taste
It is the result of cross-breeding and self-fertility, forms medium-sized red fruits with a pleasant taste
With excellent self-fertility, forming a round shape, sour-sweet taste, bright red staining of the fruit
Late ripening red currant
With a high level of winter hardiness, productive and self-fertile, resistant to powdery mildew, it forms even, sour, medium-sized fruits with high gelling qualities
Winter-hardy, productive with resistance to defeat by anthracnose and powdery mildew, forms orange-red fruits of sour taste, medium and large sizes
With a high level of winter hardiness, productive with disease resistance, domestic selection, it forms the same size dark red fruits of good taste
Hardy, unpretentious, with a high level of winter hardiness, productive with resistance to anthracnose damage with medium-sized red berries of a sour-sweet taste
With a high level of winter hardiness, very productive self-fertile, it forms pinkish-red fruits below average size with an excellent, delicate sour-sweet taste
Self-fertile, with fruits of medium and large sizes, one-dimensional, roundish, red, with a small amount of seeds
Highly productive and unpretentious, with round, red fruits, sweet-sour, very pleasant delicate taste
Planting red currants in autumn: technology, timing and patterns
It is possible to plant red-fruited currants both in spring and autumn, but it is preferable to plant a berry culture in the autumn period. Practically any plant except gooseberries can be considered as the precursors of the culture. Also it is not recommended to place such a berry in areas after uprooting of old currant bushes.
In the traditional method of bush cultivation, it is desirable to plant currants with a distance of a meter, while observing a row spacing of 2.5 m. In the northern regions, including the Urals and Siberia, landing should be done in the last decade of August. In the southern regions, it is recommended to plant a plant from mid-September to the first decade of October. The main guideline for landing dates is the onset of a steady cooling. The plant should be planted about a month before frost.
Growing red currant
Features and rules for planting red currants in spring
In spring, you need to have time to plant a seedling before the start of active sap flow. Landing should be carried out to a depth of 35-45 cm.
Very important, so that the landing hole has a diameter at the level of 45-55 cm, which will allow to position the root system of the berry well.
Compost or well-rotted manure in the amount of 10 l with the addition of 50 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium chloride and a small amount of wood ash are used as an fertilizer fertilizer for the soil. Redcurrant seedlings can be planted along the border of the entire plot along low fences, with an indent of one and a half meters, which is very convenient with the trellis method of growing.
Growing and caring for red currants in suburban areas
The soil and climatic conditions in the middle lane of our country are the most suitable for planting and growing bushes of red currant, so proper care for such a berry will not be too much trouble even for inexperienced gardeners.
Watering and feeding
Despite the fact that caring for a plant of this species is not difficult, you need to pay attention to irrigation measures and fertilizing. Proper watering is the key to a rich harvest, and the lack of water adversely affects growth processes, their development and quality of fruiting. As a rule, about three irrigations are carried out during the summer period, allowing the soil to be moistened to a depth of 50-60 cm. Water-charging irrigation should also not be neglected in the spring and immediately after the last harvest. About one pair of buckets of water should be spent on one currant bush.
The first two years, fertilizing planted currant bushes is not requiredif the landing technology has been followed and a sufficient amount of fertilizer has been applied to the landing pit. In the early spring, after the shoots regrowth start, under each bush it is required to add 15-20 g of urea or 25-30 g of ammonium nitrate per square meter. After flowering, organic dressing is performed, which is used as an aqueous solution based on mullein 1:10 or bird droppings 1:20. Under each bush you need to make a bucket of such a nutrient solution.
Good results are given by top dressing with complex mineral fertilizers like "Kemira" or "Azofoska " based on 15-20 g per square meter. In the summer, organic dressing is applied after flowering. Before winter cold, it is necessary to feed bushes of red currant with mineral fertilizers and organic matter in the form of humus or compost, 25-30 g of potassium sulfate and the same amount of superphosphate per square meter.
How to plant red currants
When growing red currant, the correct pruning of the berry shrub is very important, which can be formative and sanitary. Pruning should be done in early spring or late summer, after harvesting.
When forming a bush, pinching the top of last year’s growth is not necessary. It is enough to remove old branches in a timely manner, whose age exceeds eight years, as well as extra zero shoots, broken, diseased and frozen branches. A properly formed plant should have about two dozen branches.
Protection against diseases and pests
In order to receive a high and high-quality crop of red currant every year, it is necessary to take care of protecting the bushes of this berry crop and to prevent the defeat of the main diseases and pests.
The concentration of the working solution in percent
Before the stage of active spring budding
Wintered plant parasites and pathogens
Before the mass flowering phase
Ticks and plant aphids
Firefly, ticks, gall midge, powdery mildew
10 and 20 days after flowering
Firefly, ticks, gall midge, powdery mildew, different types of spotting
Immediately after harvest
Anthracnose, septoria, rust, fire, mites, gall midges, powdery mildew, different types of spotting
"Karatan" or "Fundazol"
Since ancient times, red-fruited currants have been called a real berry of health., therefore, this culture has been widely used in household plots and in summer cottages in our country. Caring for such a berry plant is simple, but currants require some attention and ensure proper watering, top dressing, formation, as well as protection from all kinds of plant parasites and pathogenic microflora.