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Valentina Stepanovna asked us a question: “Gooseberry practically does not bear fruit for the second year. What could be the reason? How to cope with the problem?”
The gooseberries annually grow new shoots, as it is laid down by nature. But if the presented process does not occur, there will be no harvest!
How to make gooseberries bear fruit
Part of the bushes grows the required number of shoots, while others - more than necessary. In the latter case, it is recommended to remove the excess. It happens that the shoots are not enough, then you need to monitor each sprout that appears. What affects the crop?
The number of shoots left annually depends on such factors:
- planting density;
- productivity of bushes;
In most cases, the berries are formed in the places where they were last year. The highest yield should be expected in the second year of life. Growth decreases annually, respectively, the number of fruits becomes smaller.
Fruiting lasts only until the 4th year of life, then the berries remain on the tips of the branches. Branches that are more than 5 years old leave no sense.
How to trim
Many remove annual growth. This is wrong if the gooseberry variety differs in that the fruits are formed on last year's shoots, you will lose yield, since there will be very few berries on last year's branches.
Do this: in the fall, leave the 4 strongest new shoots, cut 4 old branches. Fruiting will level out. With long shoots it makes no sense to fight. This is just a hallmark of the variety.
A number of varieties are distinguished by good fruiting for 6 years - Spring, London, Date. Rejuvenation is required, as the berries on the new branches will be larger. Fungi may form on old branches, and a glass-box settles. It is recommended to delete branches older than 5 years, they are low-yielding.
You should also read a detailed article about the rules for planting and growing gooseberries.
Lack of light
Gooseberries are a photophilous shrub. If the plantings are very thickened, the planted planted in the shade of trees, pulled into a tight corset - the branches develop poorly. Berries are also tied poorly. They are usually small, the taste worsens. If the shading is strong, there will be no bloom at all. Mushroom diseases can form, even on resistant varieties.
Sferotek can contribute to a poor harvest. If the berries do not fall, their shape is ugly, the fruits are not suitable for use. There are a number of varieties that do not bloom without pollination. Most gooseberries are self-pollinating. Gooseberries are hygrophilous; it is important to ensure good watering in the first year of life. If this is not done, you can’t expect a good harvest in the future.