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Column-shaped apple trees will be ideal for sites that cannot boast of an impressive area. Trees take up very little space, but give enough fruit. They need to provide power, light and air.
Features and varieties
Colon-shaped apple trees differ from ordinary ones in that they bear fruit already in the year of planting. An ordinary tree is able to produce crops only four years later. Some columns provide people with apples in their second year.
Varieties of columnar apple trees do not require much light and space, unlike ordinary ones. The crown of a standard tree is sprawling, the root system is impressive, so next to it vegetables and other trees cannot be planted.
Planting columnar apple trees solves these problems. Crohn in the usual sense is absent in this case, the branches come straight from the trunk, and fruits appear at the ends of the branches. The shoots of the tree grow strictly upward, so it is very convenient to collect the fruits, as they seem to stick around the trunk.
However, reviews of those who purchased the columns also indicate that the apple trees have their drawbacks. For example, in frost they often damage the apical kidney, which leads to a violation of the shape of the tree.
The main varieties of columnar apple trees
Colon-shaped apple trees are early and late, frost-resistant and heat-loving. Each variety has its own unique characteristics. The variety of shapes and sizes of trees is striking and makes it possible to choose the option that meets exactly your requirements.
|Grade name||Height||Root system||Fruit||Features|
|"Moscow necklace"||Up to 2 m||Unpretentious, resilient||Dense||Disease and pest resistance|
|"Vasyugan"||3m||Strong||Up to 200 g, conical shape||One of the most winter-hardy varieties|
|Ostankino||About 2 m||Requires fertile soil||Medium and large, flattened-rounded||High fruit yield, fruiting in the second year, winter hardiness|
|Senator||Tall apple tree||Strong||Juicy, dessert, up to 300 g||Ripening at the end of September|
|"Gin"||180 cm||It covers an area of up to 70 cm||Medium sized ball shaped||Skoropodnaya, resistant to scab|
|"Snow White"||Dwarf||Drought resistant||Light green, up to 130 g||Extra early, frost-resistant grade|
|Yesenia||Medium||Medium strength||Yellow-green, up to 170 g||Scab resistant, high yield|
Varieties for the North-West of Russia
In the North-West of the country, varieties with good winter hardiness will be an excellent choice. We are talking about such varieties as "Malyuha", "Dialogue", "President" and others.
Ideal for the Northwest. The trees are compact, half-dwarf, and work well on dwarf rootstocks. Fruits are flat, medium and large with white-yellow color. Apple trees bear fruit well - up to 6 kg per tree. If you take good care of the tree, the yield is doubled.
The variety is great for the Northwest. Trees are natural semi-dwarfs, that is, mid-growth. Why do many people choose Ostankino? It's all about large fruits with a bright dessert flavor. Variety ripening takes place in mid-September, up to 6 kg can be obtained from one tree.
Ostankino is notable for its high fruit setting even in cold summers. Another plus is resistance to pests and diseases.
Additional preparation before landing does not require. Weak trees work well on semi-dwarf rootstocks. One of the most delicious varieties that can grow in the Northwest.
If the care is weakened, "Malyuha" strongly crushes, and the fruits will appear irregularly. Ripening takes place in September. "Malyuha" is resistant to pests and diseases.
Column-shaped apple tree with medium and large rounded fruits. The taste is pronounced, honey, where the name comes from. Additional preparation before landing is not required.
"Medok" gives up to 6 kg per tree. Why do so many gardeners choose it? The variety is characterized by frost resistance and an elite taste.
Column-shaped apple trees: a review of varieties
The best varieties for Moscow region
Colony-shaped varieties are of great interest for the Moscow Region. The types "Currency" or "Moscow necklace" have many advantages: fruiting in the second year, high productivity, ease of care, winter hardiness.
The variety has a high yield. From one tree, up to 10 kg is obtained. Large fruits of the variety are colored dark red. In the Moscow region, harvesting can be carried out from mid-September. The Moscow Necklace apples are stored until March.
In the conditions of the Moscow region, the variety presented gives good results. "Currency" is highly resistant to scab. The trees are compact, early-growing. The fruits are medium in size, there is a blush on the side. "Currency" ripens in the first half of October and ripens before the New Year holidays.
As written in the reviews, the variety is one of the most hardy. It can withstand frosts down to -40 ° C! The trees are compact, medium-sized.
Fruits "Vasyugan" in the Moscow region reach 200 g. Their color is red-striped. Apples are actively used for fresh consumption and processing.
How is the planting of columnar apple trees
Planting summer apple trees of the present species in the Moscow region should be according to some scheme. The size of the pit should be such that the roots fit freely in it. The trees themselves are planted on the principle of 90 cm × 90 cm.
Planting can only be done after potash fertilizers in the amount of 70 g and up to 100 g of superphosphate have been introduced into the pit. After the work is done, the seedling is watered.
Caring for colon-shaped apple trees involves a number of works. We are talking about watering, tinning, top dressing and pruning.
Any sort of columnar trees, whether it be Moscow Necklace or Vasyugan, requires tinning. This process is carried out so that the roots of the plant feel good. So that the root system of apple trees does not suffer from trampling and loosening, the soil around the crop is tinned, that is, cereal is sown.
In Siberia, cereals can be replaced with various herbs, for example, lemon balm or dill. They are good at repelling pests. Instead of tinning for Vasyugan and others, you can use mulch.
How to trim
The most responsible work in the care of the varieties "Arbat", "Chervonets" and others is pruning. It is needed so that the side branches do not take away from the tree the strength required for the development of apples.
In the reviews they write that in the spring, the side branches are cut into two buds. In autumn, two strong shoots grow from the varieties Arbat, Chervonets and others. Next spring, the shoot growing upward is again cut into two buds. In the third year, the branch where the apples were was cut out completely.
How is watering
If you decide to plant summer varieties of columnar apples, you should provide them with constant drip irrigation. Moreover, in Siberia and Central Russia, twice a month, trees need a "shower". If it is not possible to carry out such an action, it is worth mulching after the first watering.
You can read about diseases and pests of apple trees here.
How to protect trees from frost
To protect the tree for the winter in Siberia or Central Russia, it should be covered. It should be noted that in varieties "Medok", "Chervonets" and Arbat the apical kidney is the most affected by frost. If a nuisance occurs, the tree will give several vertical shoots, which will provoke the growth of a seedling in several trunks.
Chervonets, Arbat, Medok and other varieties will be compact if each of their branches behaves as an independent column. It is important to pinch the shoots correctly so that only two buds remain near the base. For the winter in Siberia and other regions of Russia, in order to maintain the shape of the column, it is necessary to cover the top of the apple tree with a bag.
It is desirable that in winter the apple tree was tied to a support. If you just cover it, but not tie it up, the tree can be broken by gusts of wind. Planting apples in the autumn is not recommended. They will not have time to gain strength, and in winter the upper kidney, having fallen in the cold, will die.
By winter, it’s important for apple trees to cover the root space. As a covering material, you can use shavings, sawdust, straw.
By winter, it is important to provide trees and protection from rodents. For this purpose, paper or stockings are attached in several layers around the trunk of the apple tree.
In the northern regions, snow will help cover the trees for the winter. It’s enough to just stick it closer to the trunk. Then the tree will be ready even for the cold winter.
Column-shaped apple trees: planting and care
Column-shaped apple trees are a real find for small areas. Such trees yield crops stably and much faster than standard apple trees. However, they need careful care in the form of watering, pruning, tinning, and before the winter, trees need to be covered.