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Derain is a wonderful ornamental shrub that can decorate a garden plot throughout the year. Plant care is simple, the species is almost not affected by pests and diseases. Reproduces and grows rapidly after pruning.
Description of the scion deer
The shrub grows naturally in North America. The plant grows from 1.8 to 2.8 m in height, the crown diameter is 2-3.5 m. The root system of the scion deer is powerful, the processes are developed, which are located shallow from the surface of the soil. A feature of the species is the production of a large number of root suckers, due to which the shrub captures new territories. Branches of the offspring tree, drooping to the soil itself, are easily rooted. Depending on the variety, flexible shoots with shiny bark of different colors, from red-brown to yellow and light green.
The leaves are oval, with a sharp tip, large, up to 10-12 cm long, oppositely located. There are variegated varieties that turn yellow or reddish in autumn. The buds are formed on 5-6-year-old plants, collected in corymbose inflorescences, petals are small, white or cream-colored. They bloom in late May or early June. From the second decade of August, berries ripen - white or lilac-blue inedible drupes.
Derain is a scion hygrophilous, shade-tolerant. Average frost resistance - tolerates temperatures - 22-29 ° C, given the humidity and protection from cold winds. The best location is light partial shade.
Important! The bark of the offspring deren loses its decorative effect as the shoots age.
It is recommended that the bushes be cut strongly every few years, up to 10 cm above the ground. The branches grow back quickly and delight with the richness of colors.
Through the efforts of breeders, several picturesque garden varieties based on offspring deer have been bred, which are distributed in the temperate climate of Europe and Asia.
Derain offspring Flaviramea
Known among the representatives of this species, the scion variety Cornus stolonifera Flaviramea. It is appreciated because of the picturesque shoots in the cold season. Bright, yellow-green, with tints of olive color, the bark of the deren Flaviramea, as seen in the photo, gives a note of joy to the gloomy landscape. The bush is vigorous, it rises up to 2-3 m. Erect branches form a rounded crown, up to 2.5 m in diameter. The leaves are opposite, oval, with a pointed tip, light green. Nondescript white-yellow inflorescences with a diameter of 4-5 cm. From afar, at the time of flowering, they illuminate the bush.
According to the description, Flaviramea derain grows 20 cm per season. The plant is resistant, develops in the shade, at the same time it is drought-resistant, can be planted in the sun, providing regular watering.
Derain offspring Kelsey
The low grade scion Kelsey deren grows up to 50-80 cm. Branches with green-yellow bark form a hemispherical crown. The tops of the branches and young shoots of a reddish hue retain this feature in winter. Oval leaves are bright green, at the tops they are painted in a burgundy red tone. In autumn, they become yellow-purple. The bushes of the scion Kelsey are light-requiring, they are placed in illuminated areas, light partial shade is allowed. The plant does not tolerate drought well. The soil is constantly moisturized.
Derain offspring White gold
A vigorous bush of White Gold scion litter spreads over 3 m in height and width. Olive shoots form a rounded crown that is easy to prune and regenerates quickly. During the season, the shoots grow by 20 cm. Lanceolate green leaves are slightly pubescent below, wide, 7-8 cm long. The edges are bordered with cream stripes. Small flowers with white petals bloom in May and June. In autumn, the foliage is yellow.
Sodwood bushes of the offspring variety White Gold tolerate urban smoke, are resistant to winds, and require regular soil moisture. Young shoots in bright sun can suffer, it is better to plant in partial shade.
Derain offspring Nitida
A variety with tall, dense stems that rise up to 2-3 m. The bark of young shoots is bright green, rivals in brightness with oval leaves pointed towards the top. On the leaf blade there is an expressive graphic of veins. The bush is easy to form, prefers partial shade for development. Withstands short-term flooding, like all varieties of offspring deren.
Derain sibling Cardinal
The height of the shoots of the variety is moderate, from 1 to 1.2-1.7 m. The peculiarity of the Cardinal cultivar is the variability of the color of the bark on the branches. In summer, the bark on upright, slightly lodging shoots of this variety of scion is olive-yellow, by autumn it becomes bright red. The crown is round, spreading, up to 1.5-1.8 m wide. Leaves are green, with decreasing temperature they turn yellow and red. Umbellate inflorescences up to 4-5 cm in diameter, bloom all summer, abundantly in late spring. The culture develops well on moist, fertile soils with a slightly acidic reaction, it is not afraid of flooding. Bushes of the Cardinal variety are often planted near water bodies.
Derain offspring Insanti
The Isanti variety is rather undersized, the shoots grow up to 1-1.5 m. The bark of young branches is bright red, retains its color throughout the season. The intertwining of Isanti shrub shoots creates a picturesque picture against the background of snow. The leaves are dark green, turning red-purple in August. Small white inflorescences create in May, June a cute chintz pattern against the background of foliage.
Advice! Usually there is a brighter color of the branches of the culture from the south.
This fact is taken into account when planning the placement of the bush in the garden relative to the viewpoint.
Planting and leaving
Scion turf bushes prefer fertile, moist, including poorly drained soils with neutral acidity. Peat or sand is added to clayey. Sandy soils are not suitable for crops as they do not retain water. The best area is with light partial shade. Derens easily take root along the banks of streams, on marshy soils, where willows and alder grow. Avoid hot and dry planting sites. The interval in group plantings between holes is up to 2.5 m.
Siblings are planted in spring, as soon as the threat of night frosts disappears:
- Dig a hole twice the volume of the seedling roots.
- Drainage is laid.
- The top layer of soil is mixed in equal parts with humus or compost and the necessary constituents of the substrate are added, depending on the structure of the soil - clay or sand.
- A seedling with open roots is placed in a clay mash for 2 hours before planting. The containers with plants are placed in a large container of water to remove the roots without damaging them.
- The seedling is placed on a substrate and covered with earth.
- Shoots are shortened by 1/3.
Attention! After planting, the first days of the seedling are shaded from the midday rays of the sun.
The near-trunk circle is cleared of weeds, the earth is loosened. Watering during dry periods. Over the years, it is necessary to limit the independent expansion of the bush by cutting it or digging it into the ground in the way of the roots of solid barriers made of iron and slate. By cutting, you can give the bush different shapes.
Every spring, the plant is cleaned of old, damaged branches. Cut off 1/3 in last year's increments, 2-3 buds are left. Pinch the tops of the branches at the end of June. Do not cover for the winter.
The amount of pruning depends on the plant's role in garden design. If the turf is planted because of the decorativeness of the bush in winter, a third of the old shoots are cut in the spring low, stimulating branching. For a refreshing look of the green massif in summer, when the monotony is diluted with flowers and berries, young shoots are not touched.
Derain offspring are propagated:
- green and semi-lignified cuttings;
- dividing the bushes.
Seeds of deren with a hard shell, before sowing, they are treated with concentrated sulfuric acid. Sowing in autumn on a plot implies natural cold hardening. Before spring planting, seeds are stratified for 2-3 months. In summer, cuttings are rooted as standard in a mini-greenhouse. The shoots are transplanted throughout the warm season.
Diseases and pests
Plants of the species are slightly affected by fungal diseases. But if there is a source of spread, you should take care of preventive fungicide treatment in early spring or as needed. Of the pests, tree lions are annoyed by aphid colonies, which are disposed of with insecticides or folk remedies: infusions of soap, soda, mustard.
The scion derain will give the background of any garden plot a unique charm, especially in the case of lowland areas, which are problematic for most plants. Low varieties are planted in mixborders near the driveway, as an undergrowth for decorative deciduous trees. Crop care is minimal, its shape and speed of propagation are monitored.