Red Meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica is an exquisite variety of meadowsweet or meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria). Venusta Magnifica is an excellent example of decorative culture for decorating the local area from the popular Rosaceae family. Not only bright inflorescences, but also carved foliage, ripening fruits of an exotic color have an original appearance.
Under natural conditions, the meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica grows in North America, where the locals call her "the queen of the prairies"
Herbaceous perennial red meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica (Filipendula rubra Venusta Magnifica) has a rather impressive appearance. The size of the bush reaches 2 m. It is known that the red meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica has been cultivated for decorative purposes since 1765. The first mention of culture dates back to the 12th century. The plant prefers well-lit and humid areas, withstands frosts down to -35 ⁰С.
The majestic plant of meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica introduced in North America
Description of the variety of meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica and characteristics
Meadowsweet (meadowsweet) red Venusta Magnifica is a unique herbaceous perennial crop capable of forming large groups. Under favorable conditions, the plant grows quickly and extensively, shows aggressiveness towards other (weaker crops) on the site.
The culture, whose homeland is considered to be North America, is actively developing in partial shade and in the sun, requires constant moisture, blooms magnificently with a lush and fragrant cloud of weightless buds.
Attention! The delicate aroma exuded during the budding of the meadowsweet of the red variety Venusta Magnifica not only attracts bees and other nectar collectors, but also repels flies and other insect pests.
The beautiful ornamental plant Venusta Magnifica has the following varietal characteristics:
- the root system is fibrous, creeping, with root nodules hanging from filamentous roots;
- bush height 1.5-2 m;
- stems are simple or branched, erect, ribbed, smooth, densely leafy, hard;
- the main leaves are intermittently pinnate, large, with a five-lobed or seven-lobed terminal lobe;
- intermediate leaves are small, sharp-toothed;
- the aroma of the leaves when rubbed is sharp;
- the color of the leaves on the upper side is dark green, on the lower side - white-felt;
- peduncles are long, strong, erect;
- inflorescences are paniculate, dense, with small flowers;
- inflorescence length up to 20 cm;
- flowers are bisexual, numerous, five-petal, with rounded petals in the form of long marigolds, with long stamens (1.5-2 times longer than the petals);
- inflorescence color pink, crimson, carmine red, red;
- aroma during flowering is pleasant, delicate;
- flowering period from July to August;
- fruit - a multileaf of 10-15 spiral, naked, single-seeded leaflets;
- the color of the fruit is bright crimson.
In case of strong shading, the "queen of the prairies" meadowsweet red Venusta Magnifica may stop blooming
Advantages and disadvantages
The decorative red meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica is a beautiful ornamental plant, ideal for decorating the local area. But this is not the only advantage of the plant.
- unpretentious care;
- frost resistance;
- stress tolerance;
- tolerates the scorching sun well (it blooms more intensely in the sun than with a little shade);
- beautiful appearance of foliage, inflorescences, ripe fruits, plants as a whole;
- decorative appeal throughout the growing season.
- requires abundant watering and constant soil moisture;
- does not bloom when placed in highly shaded areas;
- is aggressive towards other cultures.
The average annual growth of the root system of the meadowsweet (meadowsweet) Red Venusta Magnifica is about 15 cm, therefore the plant is characterized by an extensive root system
Meadowsweet (meadowsweet) red varieties Venusta Magnifica reproduces in two main ways:
- seed (seedling, direct sowing);
- vegetative (dividing the bush, root tubers, cuttings).
Seed propagation is rarely used. Meadowsweet seeds are sown in open ground before winter for natural stratification to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. They are thinned out in the spring.
For seedlings, seeds are planted indoors in March. They are scattered on the surface of the earth in seedling boxes, well moistened and germinated under a film. After the emergence of seedlings, the shelter is removed. At the end of June, the seedlings are transplanted into open ground.
The division of the bush and root tubers is done in late autumn (late September or October) or early spring (March and early April). A healthy maternal bush (not less than 5 years of age) is dug out of the ground after abundant moistening of the soil and the root system is cut into pieces, the length of the roots of individual plots is up to 10 cm.A prerequisite: the presence of 2-3 viable buds in each. Places of cuts on plots are treated with charcoal and immediately planted in the ground.
Cuttings are used green or lignified. The first is carried out in the spring. Lignified shoots are cut in late autumn. The cuttings are rooted in greenhouse conditions with subsequent transfer to open ground.
If it is not possible to immediately transplant meadowsweet, the plots are stored in the refrigerator (wet sand, damp cloth, wet sawdust) to prevent drying and death of the root system
Planting and caring for Venusta red meadowsweet
The ideal period for planting rhizomes is autumn or spring.
Most preferred for meadowsweet are fertile, neutral, slightly acidic, loamy soils, well-lit places with a close occurrence of groundwater.
Agricultural techniques for planting root plots:
- the soil is loosened, moisturized well;
- form landing holes 5-10 cm deep;
- the roots are placed in the holes parallel to the surface of the earth with pointed buds directed upwards;
- plots are buried at the level of the root collar;
- the distance between individual plots is more than 0.5 m.
Tavolga are not recommended to be planted in acidic soil.
Caring for meadowsweet (meadowsweet)
Meadowsweet, or red meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica, does not require careful maintenance. For the plant, abundant watering during the summer is sufficient.
Mandatory rules for crop care:
- irrigation at least 2 times a week;
- loosening the soil;
- weed removal;
- feeding 1-2 times per season with organic and mineral fertilizers.
Frost-resistant culture does not need winter shelter
Pests and diseases
Although red meadowsweet has strong immunity, in rare cases, meadowsweet is exposed to pests:
- Aphids damage foliage as they feed on plant cell sap. The color falls off, the meadowsweet bush loses its attractive appearance.
From aphids, meadowsweet bushes are treated with strong soapy water or insecticides
- The wireworm, or click beetle larva, damages the root system of plants.
Liming the soil allows you to get rid of wireworms in the meadows planting sites
Among the causative agents of diseases affecting meadowsweet, one can distinguish:
- Rust. Its signs on meadowsweet (meadowsweet) appear on the basal foliage with brown, brown spots.
Spraying with a solution of lime or copper sulfate, modern fungicides allows you to get rid of a fungal disease on the bushes
- Powdery mildew. It can appear in mid-summer with a bluish or white bloom on the foliage at the base of the stem and gradually move to the apical leaves and inflorescences. Affected meadowsweet bushes (meadowsweet) should be removed and burned, and the planting site should be treated with disinfectants.
For the prevention of powdery mildew, spraying of meadowsweet bushes (meadowsweet) with a solution of soda ash or colloidal sulfur is used
Application in landscape design
Meadowsweet (meadowsweet) red Venusta Magnifica during flowering is able to create a magnificent effect of "pink haze". Openwork panicles with densely arranged flowers of pink, red, carmine, crimson shades will effectively decorate any corner of the local area.
The Venusta Magnifica plant looks beautiful:
- in single landings in the form of a tapeworm;
- in group, thickened plantings;
- on the coastline of water bodies;
- in the background of mixborders;
- in the central part of the composition of flower beds and rockeries;
- as a hedge, decorative walls, fences.
Red meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica is in harmony with hosts, hydrangea, lily, ferns, irises, tobacco, peonies, carnations, clematis.
Thickened plantings of meadowsweet red Venusta Magnifica can be used to enter the house or plant plants around the perimeter of the territory
Red Meadowsweet Venusta Magnifica is a spectacular, refined, ornamental plant that is endowed with the richest medicinal properties. The plant has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular, reproductive, digestive, nervous systems, is effective for colds.