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The popularity of early varieties of pepper is due to the desire to get a harvest of fresh vegetables faster. Then the question arises, what kind of competition can mid-season peppers have, because it is easier to plant an early crop and collect fresh fruits throughout the summer. The answer lies in the excellent taste of medium-sized peppers. In addition, the fruits are large in size, thick in the pulp and rich in aromatic juice.
How to determine the place and time of disembarkation
The answer to the age-old question of novice vegetable growers is simple. In a cold region, it is necessary to grow a crop only in closed beds. Closer to the south, the plant produces excellent crops in open areas.
Advice! When buying seeds, you should pay attention to the recommended planting site indicated on the package. There are varieties only for greenhouses, open ground and universal varieties that can be grown in both conditions.
It's easier to figure out the place where the peppers are grown, but how to determine that the seedlings are ready for planting? Let's start looking for the answer with greenhouse crops.
Let's find out the signs that determine the readiness of seedlings for adulthood:
- Seedlings are considered ready for planting if at least 55 days have passed since the start of sowing seeds.
- 12 leaves have grown on the plant and bud development is observed.
- The height of the sprout is within 25 cm.
By the time the seedlings are planted, the soil inside the greenhouse should warm up to 15aboutC. Usually, sowing seeds of peppers begins by the end of February, then in May you can get stronger plants.
Greenhouse soil must be prepared before planting seedlings. These actions involve the introduction of phosphate and nitrogen fertilizers, as well as humus.
Attention! Fresh manure cannot be added as fertilizer. It can burn young plants.
It is optimal to maintain a bed width of 1 m. But the row spacing depends on the type of pepper, more precisely, on the size of an adult bush. This indicator varies from 25 to 50 cm. The plant must be planted in damp soil, therefore, each well is watered with 2 liters of warm water in advance. When all the seedlings are planted in the holes, sprinkle with humus around it.
The video tells about growing seedlings at home:
Pepper loves stable heat and moist soil. If everything is clear with the first, then watering must be taken seriously so as not to overdo it. Seedlings take root best with drip irrigation. It is desirable that the water temperature is within 23aboutC. Seedlings before flowering are watered after 3-4 days, and when the first buds begin to appear, the intensity of watering is increased - after 1 day.
Important! Violation of the frequency of watering will lead to the appearance of rot on the leaves. The lack of moisture is especially bad.
Young pepper seedlings need to be given a good start to growth. First, at the beginning of flowering, 1 bud is plucked from each plant. Secondly, it is required to monitor a stable temperature. Sharp drops slow down growth.
Greenhouse crops are usually very tall. For them, you will need to build trellises, to which the strongest shoots will be tied. Most often this applies to hybrids. As for the flowers, they are self-pollinating in the pepper. However, there is such a pest as aphids. At the first signs of the appearance of an enemy, the seedlings must immediately be treated with karbofos.
Outdoor growing method
If a decision is made to grow peppers in open beds, then it will be necessary to adapt to the temperature conditions inherent in a particular region. At the time of planting seedlings on the street, a stable air temperature of +20 should be establishedaboutC. Usually this is the first decade of June. The minimum that the seedlings can withstand is a temperature of +13aboutC. When observing nighttime cold snaps, arcs are installed over the beds, and they are covered with a transparent film on top. A supercooled plant will immediately make itself felt with lilac spots on the leaves.
Seedlings are very fond of rainwater. If possible, then it can be prepared for watering. Optimum water temperature 25aboutC. It is important to remember about the light-requiring of pepper. The beds in the garden must be broken in a bright place.
The video will tell you about growing peppers in the garden:
Overview of mid-season varieties
Mid-season sweet peppers produce a ready-made harvest about 120–140 days after the first leaf shoots appear. Crops are distinguished by longer fruiting and aromatic, tasty fruits.
Gift from Moldova
The popular cold-resistant variety yields up to 10 kg / 1 m2 harvest. The first fruits can be obtained after 120 days. Plant of medium height, maximum 55 cm in height. The bush is densely covered with foliage, which protects the peppers from sunburn. Conical fruits form 3 seed chambers. The aromatic flesh, 7 mm thick, turns red when ripe. Medium-sized peppercorns weigh about 150 g. The purpose of the vegetable is universal, but most of all suitable for stuffing.
The crop brings the first crop after 140 days. A medium-sized bush grows up to 60 cm in height and requires a garter. The peppers are medium-large, weighing about 180 g, when ripe, they become saturated red. The fleshiness of the walls is average up to 7 mm. The culture takes root well in the garden and in greenhouses.
Important! The plant takes root with a slight planting density, however, it is undesirable to overdo it with this.
It takes about 150 days to fully ripen the crop after sowing the seeds. The plant is distinguished by a sprawling bush 80 cm high, requiring a garter of branches. The cone-shaped peppers weigh about 320 g. The shape of the fruit stands out in the form of 4 faces. The yield is 7 kg / 1 m2... Fleshy fruits 7 mm thick turn red when ripe. The vegetable is suitable for winter harvesting.
The plant grows up to 8 cm in height and requires a garter of branches. The shape of the fruit is a bit like the peppers of the Antey variety - a cone with 4 distinctively highlighted edges. The fruit is very fleshy, with a thickness of 10 mm turns red when ripe. The yield is 4 kg / 1 m2... The culture grows well in the garden and under the film.
After sowing the seeds, you need to wait up to 137 days to get ripe peppers. Cone-shaped fruits are plucked green, but when fully ripe, a red tint appears on the walls. Fleshy vegetable, about 8 mm thick. On average, 1 peppercorn weighs 170 g. The culture is adapted for growing in closed beds. High yield is about 10 kg / 1 m2... A multipurpose vegetable retains its aroma even when dried.
Important! The plant tolerates dense planting, lack of light and cold. At the same time, the yield remains the same.
Mid-season peppers recommended for the Moscow region
The climate of the Moscow region is good for growing sweet peppers of the middle ripening period. Let's find out which of the varieties are best suited to get a good harvest.
A plant with a compact bush grows up to a maximum of 60 cm in height, bringing its first crop after 130 days. The peppers are shaped like small cubes. One fruit weighs about 140 g. The culture can be grown in open and closed ground. Average yield, about 3 kg / 1 m2... The purpose of the fruit is universal.
Ripe fruits can be removed after 135 days. The plant has a sprawling shape of a bush 70 cm high. The peppers are like small red cones and weigh about 120 g. One bush can bear a maximum of 2.7 kg of fruit. The crop is intended for cultivation under film and in the garden. The purpose of the vegetable is universal.
The variety was bred by breeders of Siberia. The culture brings a ripe crop 135 days after germination of seedlings. The height of an adult plant is about 80 cm. Medium-sized fleshy fruits weigh a maximum of 130 g. As the peppers ripen, the peppers acquire a dark chocolate color, but their flesh remains red. The purpose of the vegetable is salad.
Fruit ripening occurs 135 days after seedling germination. The plant is low up to 60 cm, but has a spreading bush crown. Large peppers can weigh more than 200 g. The thick pulp of the fruit is highly saturated with sweet juice. The crop is suitable for growing in the garden and under the film. The vegetable is used universally.
After germination of the seedlings, the first harvest can be expected after 135 days. Low bushes about 50 cm have a spreading crown. Saturated-yellow cuboid fruits weigh about 270 g. The culture is best zoned for the Moscow region and can be grown in the garden, as well as under the film. Peppers are best for fresh salads and other dishes.
The first crop of peppers ripens 135 days after the seedlings germinate. The bush of medium height is compact, growing up to 60 cm in height. Ripe peppers turn red. Cuboid fleshy fruits weigh about 300 g. Vegetable is used universally. The culture takes root well in the garden and in the greenhouse.
Star of the East F1
After germination of seedlings, the hybrid yields a ripe crop after 135 days. The culture has a powerful structure of a bush up to 70 cm high. Fleshy red sweet peppers weigh about 300 g. The vegetable is suitable both for winter harvesting and for fresh salads. The hybrid bears fruit well outdoors and indoors.
Cow ear F1
The crop ripens in 135 days. The plant grows to a maximum of 80 cm in height, yielding up to 2.8 kg of yield. Long cone-shaped peppers turn red when ripe. Usually, the weight of 1 fruit is 140 g, but with good feeding, peppercorns weighing 220 g grow. The vegetable is suitable for winter preparations and fresh salads. The hybrid does well in open and closed areas.
The variety is considered one of the best, however, not all growers can get a good harvest of peppers. The fact is that the plant is demanding on the soil and does not like excess nitrogen. This leads to strong growth of the bush, and the yield decreases. Ripe peppers grow large. Juicy, aromatic pulp with a thickness of 6 mm is ideal for all types of processing. Fruiting occurs 130 days after seedling germination. The maximum height of the bush is 70 cm.
The maturity of peppers occurs in 120-130 days, which refers the culture to medium and medium early varieties. After 145 days, the peppercorns turn orange. The plant has a powerful bush structure, bringing 7 kg of yield from 1 m2... Fleshy fruits with a thickness of 8 mm weigh about 350 g.
The crop is intended for greenhouses. With heating, you can get up to 14 kg / 1 m2 harvest. Growing under cover in spring without heating, the yield is reduced to 9 kg / m2... The peppers grow large, weighing up to 200 g. The pulp is 8 mm thick and saturated with sweet aromatic juice. As they ripen, the peppercorns turn yellow.
This variety is a fellow of the "Yellow Bull" peppers. Culture has the same characteristics. The only difference is the color of the fruit. After ripening, it becomes saturated red. The plant bears fruit without problems in greenhouses with limited lighting.
The video provides information on the cultivation of seedlings, agricultural technology of sweet peppers and the features of the choice of seed material.
Whatever the good early varieties, you can hardly do without mid-season peppers. The culture will provide fresh juicy vegetables before the onset of autumn, and then late varieties of peppers will arrive in time.