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Omphalina cinder is a representative of the Tricholomykh family. The Latin name is omphalina maura. This species has several synonyms: coal fayodia and cinder mixomphaly. All these names in one way or another indicate the unusual place of growth of this specimen.
Description of omphaline cinder
This species prefers mineral-rich, moist soil or burnt areas
The fruit body of the cinder omphaline is rather peculiar - due to its dark color. The pulp is thin, has a light mealy aroma, the taste is not pronounced.
Description of the hat
Grows singly or in groups in open areas
At the initial stage of development, the cap is convex in shape with tucked edges inward and a slightly squeezed center. Mature specimens are distinguished by a funnel-shaped, deeply depressed cap with uneven and wavy edges. Its size reaches a diameter of about 5 cm. The surface of the omphaline cinder cap is hygrophane, radially striped, smooth and dry, becomes sticky during the rainy season, and in drying specimens - shiny, grayish tone.
The peel from the cap of the cinder omphaline is removed quite easily. The cap is thin fleshy, its color varies from olive brown to dark brown shades. Under the cap there are frequent plates running down to the leg. Painted in white or beige shades, less often in yellowish. The spores are elliptical, smooth and transparent.
Omphalina grows throughout the summer and in the first half of autumn.
The leg of the omphaline cinder is cylindrical, hollow, reaches no more than 4 cm in length, and up to 2.5 mm in diameter. As a rule, its color coincides with the color of the cap, but at the base it may be darker by several tones. The surface is longitudinally ribbed or smooth.
Where and how it grows
A favorable time for Omphalina cinder is the period from June to September. It prefers to grow in coniferous forests, and is also quite common in open areas, for example, in gardens or meadows, as well as in the middle of old fireplaces. Carries out fruiting one by one or in small groups. Quite widespread in Russia, as well as in Western Europe and North Africa.
Important! Omphalina cinder prefers to grow in fires, as it belongs to the group of carbophilic plants.
Is the mushroom edible or not
This species belongs to the category of inedible mushrooms. Despite the fact that omphaline cinder contains no toxic substances, it is not suitable for food.
Doubles and their differences
This species has no poisonous counterparts.
Omphalina cinder in appearance is similar to some gifts of the forest:
- Omphalina goblet - belongs to the group of inedible mushrooms. The twin's cap is funnel-shaped with a depressed central part, painted in light brown or dark brown shades. The surface is striped, smooth to the touch. The stem is thin, grayish-brown in color, the length of which is about 2 cm, and the thickness is no more than 3 mm in diameter. As a rule, it grows on deciduous and coniferous trees, which is the main difference from cinder omphaline.
- Omphalina Hudson is an inedible gift of the forest. Initially, the cap is convex in shape with edges tucked inward, as it grows, it becomes funnel-shaped, about 5 cm in diameter.It is painted in brown shades, fades in dry weather and acquires lighter colors. It does not have a pronounced smell and taste. Stem is hollow, almost even, slightly pubescent at the base. A distinctive feature of the cinder omphaline is the location of the mushrooms. So, the twin prefers to be located singly or in small groups among sphagnum or green mosses.
- Cinder scale - grows from May to October in coniferous forests on old fireplaces. At the initial stage, the cap is convex, after a while it is spread out with a small tubercle in the center. You can distinguish a double by the color of the fruiting body. So, the cap of cinder flakes is painted in yellow-ocher or reddish-brown shades. The leg is the same color as the cap, but at the base it may be a couple of tones darker. Light scales are located along its entire length, which form a zigzag pattern. Due to its hard pulp, it is not suitable for food.
Omphalina cinder is a rather interesting specimen, which differs from its relatives in the dark color of the fruit bodies. But this gift of the forest does not carry any nutritional value, and therefore it is not recommended to collect. Despite the fact that no toxic substances were detected in the omphaline cinder, due to the thin pulp and small size of the fruit bodies, this specimen is not suitable for food.