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Deytsia is a perennial plant belonging to the Hortensia family. The shrub was brought to Northern Europe at the beginning of the 18th century by merchant ships from Japan, where the action adorned the imperial gardens. The main varieties, which later formed the basis of decorative breeding forms, came to France and England in the middle of the 19th century from China. The hybrid action Strawberry Fields is one of the few varieties of culture that can adapt to Russian climatic conditions.
Description of the action of Strawberry Fields
The garden form of the Strawberry Fields action (pictured) is a deciduous tree plant popular with landscape designers and florists. Shrub 1.5 m high with a dense, spreading, voluminous crown formed by numerous thin shoots. The main growth occurs in the first three years of the growing season, the action adds 20-25 cm in height and width. The culture is perennial, the average duration of the biological cycle is 25 years.
Description of the action of Strawberry Fields:
- The crown is rounded, spreading, the shoots are thin, tubular, hollow, arched with drooping tops, the first stems are low, often under the weight of the inflorescences bend to the surface of the soil. Perennial gray branches with peeling bark, young stems of olive shade.
- The leaves are light green, opposite, in the form of an elongated oval with a sharp top. The length of the leaf blade is about 7 cm, the leaves have serrated edges and a rough surface. In autumn, the foliage turns yellow.
- The root system is mixed, the central roots are deep, the lateral fibrous superficial.
- Seeds are small, dark beige capsules, ripening at the end of August.
Important! Seeds of Strawberry Fields action germinate well, are suitable for breeding a hybrid.
How the hybrid action Strawberry Fields blooms
Flowering of Strawberry Fields action lasts 2 months from June to July. The buds are formed from leaf sinuses along the entire length of last year's shoots. Abundant flowering. The flowers are large, five-petal, collected in panicle inflorescences.
Color gives decorative effect to the flower. The outer side is light burgundy, the inner part combines all shades of pink. The petals at the base and along the edge are light, closer to the top, the tone darkens, turns into a bright, dark pink fragment. Anthers are yellow, located on white filaments.
Action Strawberry Fields takes on decorativeness during flowering. A shrub is used in landscape design for lining tree groups, as a tapeworm, to create a hedge. Used for landscaping gardens, home gardens, summer cottages.
The Strawberry Fields hybrid, planted in rockery, gives the rock garden an oriental flavor and a complete look. The culture is used to make bouquets, included in the composition with various types of flowering plants. In the photo, the action of the hybrid Strawberry Fields during flowering, the exotic beauty of the plant will not leave indifferent even the most sophisticated florist.
According to gardeners, the Strawberry Fields hybrid action can be propagated in any way possible. With generative breeding, the characteristics of the parent plant are fully preserved. Seed germination is high, young shoots growing by self-seeding near the bush are suitable for transplanting. You can grow seedlings yourself or increase the number of action bushes in a vegetative way.
Breeding methods of Strawberry Fields action:
- Planting seeds. The material is harvested in early autumn, sown in a mini-greenhouse or container in spring. After 20 days, seedlings will appear, when the seedlings grow up to 5-7 cm, they are dived into separate containers or a larger container. The Strawberry Fields action is planted on the site at the end of next spring.
- Cuttings, which are harvested from the top of last year's shoots in early August. By this time, the action will have faded. The length of the planting material is 15-25 cm. The sections are treated with a growth stimulator and placed in a fertile substrate. By spring, the cuttings will be rooted and ready for planting.
- Layers. Work is carried out in the spring, when the soil warmed up to +6 0C. Near the bush, a furrow is made 10 cm deep, the lower perennial shoot is bent into it, and fixed with metal staples. From above, the furrow along with the shoot is covered with soil. At the end of July, the number of plots will be visible. The material is cut and planted in a permanent place. They cover for the winter.
Important! The most productive and fastest way to breed Strawberry Fields action is by root shoots.
The material is planted in spring, the first flowers will appear next year.
Planting and caring for the Strawberry hybrid action
The hybrid form of action Strawberry Fields is an unpretentious plant, subject to the planting dates and correct subsequent agrotechnology, the shrub takes root well in a permanent place and begins to bloom at the age of 3 years.
Planting dates of the Strawberry action depend on the weather conditions of the region. In the South, ornamental shrubs are planted in spring, approximately in mid or early April, autumn planting is carried out a month before the onset of frost in October.
The winter hardiness of the Strawberry Fields action is average, autumn planting in regions with a temperate climate is not considered, since young seedlings will not have time to fully root before frost, even with the most conscientious shelter, they will not be able to overwinter. The Strawberry action is planted in the spring at the beginning of May, the terms are conditional, they are different for each locality. A prerequisite is that the soil temperature must be at least +60C.
Site selection and soil preparation
The root system of action of Strawberry Fields is of mixed type: the surface system provides the plant with nutrients, deepened by the necessary moisture. This feature is taken into account when choosing a location, the site must be well-drained, without stagnation or close occurrence of water. Deytsia Strawberry is a light-loving plant, a lack of lighting affects the growing season, in the shade, the color of the flowers is pale, they are smaller. The Strawberry Fields hybrid does not withstand the wind well, the branches are hollow, brittle. The landing site is chosen from the south or east side, protected from drafts and strong gusts of wind.
Action Strawberry Fields will not grow on acidic or slightly acidic soils, the composition must be neutral, slightly alkaline is allowed. If the soils are acidic, lime is added to the pit when planting. A nutrient substrate is preliminarily prepared, 1 part of humus or compost is mixed with two parts of sod soil, ¼ part of sand is added.
The photo shows a one-year-old sapling of Strawberry Fields action, which, subject to planting technology and proper care, will bloom next season.
How to plant correctly
Before planting, you need to take care of the material for the drainage pad. Pebbles, gravel, broken brick or expanded clay are used. You will need a material of a larger fraction and a smaller one.
Landing Strawberry Fields:
- They dig a hole with a diameter of 50 * 50 cm, they are guided by the size of the root, the distance to the walls of the depression should be about 15 cm free. The depth is 65 cm, if the seedling is small and the hole is deep, add more nutrient substrate.
- On the bottom with a layer of 10 cm, the material of the coarse fraction is placed, on top the same amount of the small one. A layer of the prepared nutrient mixture is poured, taking into account that after planting the root collar remains on the surface.
- The action seedling is placed in the center, a layer of substrate is poured, compacted, watered.
Advice! The trunk circle is covered with peat mixed with sawdust, the mulch retains moisture and protects the roots from overheating.
Action hybrid Strawberry Fields does not require special attention from the gardener. Caring for a flowering shrub is standard. They use action to decorate the landscape, so the shrub should have a well-formed crown and bloom profusely. Following certain rules, there will be no problems with growing.
Action Strawberry Fields is a drought-resistant plant, it perceives a moisture deficit much better than an excess. The monthly rate of water consumption for an adult shrub is 12 liters. Watering is guided by seasonal precipitation. In seedlings, the central root is not yet deep enough to fully support the plant. Up to 2 years old, water the action 2 times a month with a small amount of water.
Mulching and feeding
Mulching for Strawberry Fields action is a mandatory measure, relevant at any age. The covering layer does not allow weeds to grow, retains the necessary moisture, protects the root system from overheating, a layer of colored wood chips or bark serves as a decorative element. For mulching, peat, sawdust, straw, crushing cones of coniferous trees are used. In the fall, the layer is increased with needles, in the spring the material is completely renewed.
Strawberry Fields begin feeding during flowering. In the spring, when the buds are formed, compost and ash are added. At the beginning of flowering and after 1 month, the shrub is fertilized with complex mineral agents. Young seedlings do not need additional nutrients, they have enough fertile substrate introduced during planting.
During the spring-summer season, trimming of the Strawberry Fields action is carried out twice. The first is of a sanitary nature, the second is formative. In the spring, before sap flow, twisted, frozen stems are removed, dry areas are cut off. Get rid of last year's shoots with tops tilted inside the bush. Form a crown after flowering. All stems are shortened to the first strong branches, 2 buds are left on them, the rest is cut off. Until autumn, the shrub will give young shoots, which will bloom the next season. Every 4 years, rejuvenating pruning is carried out, removing old stems.
Preparing for winter
The degree of winter hardiness of the action of the hybrid Strawberry Fields is not so high that the plant could tolerate low temperatures without loss. With an indicator of -28 0C and below, without previously taken measures, the crop may not overwinter, especially seedlings. The stems of young bushes are gently bent to the ground, secured. Arches with stretched lutrasil or spunbond are installed, covered with leaves on top. The stems of an adult Strawberry action cannot be bent, they are fragile and break easily. Bush shoots are collected in a bunch, tied with twine or rope. I wrap it on top with burlap, around the bush they install supports in the form of a hut, put spruce branches on them.
Pests and diseases
Hybrid varieties of action differ from varietal representatives of the culture by their high resistance to infection. With the correct landing site and care conditions are met, Strawberry action does not get sick. In case of waterlogging of the soil, rotting of the root system is possible, in this case it is necessary to reduce watering or transfer the shrub to another place. In the shade with high humidity, mottling appears on the leaves. Get rid of the fungus with copper-containing products.
The only pest that parasitizes on the Strawberry Fields action is the bumblebee proboscis, the insect caterpillars feed on leaves. The plant is treated with Kinmix or Decis.
The hybrid action Strawberry Fields is one of the varieties of the crop grown in Russia. The plant is drought-resistant, tolerates moisture deficit well. Frost resistance allows the use of the Strawberry action for landscape design in a temperate climate zone. The shrub retains decorativeness during the period of abundant flowering (for two months). The hybrid is undemanding to care, has a strong immunity to infections, and is practically not affected by pests.
Lyubov Titova, 32 years old, Kazan
At the dacha, Strawberry Fields action was propagated by seeds. I tried it for the sake of experiment. Confused the word "hybrid" when I bought the first seedling in a local nursery. Seeds were collected in early August, sown in a container the next spring. The sprouts sprouted together, in warm weather she carried the container out into the sun. The strongest seedlings dived into cut-off plastic bottles. The action overwintered on my insulated loggia. In the spring I dropped off at the site. Now I have six flowering bushes in my dacha, which do not differ at all from the mother's.
Ruslan Samoilenko, 48 years old, Moscow
At his summer cottage, he planted 4 Strawberry Fields action bushes around the perimeter of the rock garden. When the plant bloomed, the composition took on a complete look, reminiscent of a corner of Japanese culture. Shrubs bloom profusely, completely covered with pink inflorescences.