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The beauty of clematis is difficult to overestimate: exotic vines with variegated large flowers can decorate any, even the most uncomfortable parts of the garden. Clematis has been cultivated since the eighteenth century, every year new varieties and hybrids of these wonderful flowers appear on the market. One of the newest hybrid clematis is Kaiser, which appeared in Russia only in 2010. The Kaiser variety is famous for its large double inflorescences of a bright shade and its ability to tolerate the winter of the middle zone well.
A description of the Kaiser clematis variety with photos and reviews of real growers is given in this article. After reading the material, even a beginner will understand how to properly plant and grow such an exotic flower as clematis.
Clematis Kaiser was bred by Japanese breeders, and this happened back in 1997. The variety got to Eastern Europe much later - after 13 years. Florists fell in love with the Kaiser for the very lush multi-layered inflorescences of complex colors and its frost resistance (which is important for the Russian climate).
The description of the Kaiser variety clematis is as follows:
- perennial plant - clematis live for about 20-25 years;
- flowering in the Kaiser variety is medium early - from mid-May to June (the exact timing depends on the climate);
- flowering duration from May to October;
- powerful vines reach a length of 100-150 cm;
- leaves are elliptical, pointed, dark green, medium size;
- active formation of lateral processes - the Kaiser bush must be formed;
- the pruning scheme for the second type is gentle;
- inflorescences are complex, terry;
- the sizes of flowers are large - 10-14 cm in diameter;
- petals can be painted in a purple or pink shade, flowers of pinkish-red or lilac-purple color are more common;
- the shape of the petals in one inflorescence differs - from wide to almost needle-like;
- blotches of white are clearly visible on the petals;
- the centers of clematis are yellow;
- the number of flowers on the liana is very large - the bush is literally strewn with large inflorescences.
Attention! Clematis of the Kaiser variety is intended for vertical gardening. The bushes of this plant cannot be held on their own - they need support.
The photo does not convey all the beauty of clematis: a fragrant large-flowered liana of the Kaiser variety will become a real decoration for a suburban area. You can use these flowers for landscaping blank walls, hedges, disguising unsightly outbuildings, decorating gazebos, arches and pergolas.
The nuances of growing
Clematis cannot be called unpretentious flowers - reviews of florists only confirm this. But all the work will pay off entirely, because a real flower tree will appear in the garden, which will delight the eye for about a quarter of a century.
Important! The variety of clematis Kaiser needs a certain composition of the soil, puts forward its own requirements for fertilizing, the degree of illumination, the level of moisture - the viability of the plant and its aesthetics depend on this.
The large-flowered Kaiser should be grown according to the following rules:
- It is recommended to buy seedlings only in specialized stores with a good reputation. The planting material of Clematis Kaiser is not cheap, so it is better to be sure of its quality.
- It is better to plant clematis in spring, when the soil warms up well, and frosts are left behind. The optimal planting time is early morning or cloudy day.
- The best place for the Kaiser is a well-lit, wind-protected area. It is great if there is a small hill, a mound - there you need to plant clematis.
- Alkaline or neutral soils are preferred. Clayy heavy soils for planting flowers are not suitable.
- The planting hole should have a depth of about 50-70 cm (depending on the density of the soil at the site). The distance between neighboring clematis bushes is at least 1.5 meters. If the groundwater lies close to the soil surface, a layer of gravel or broken brick is poured onto the bottom of the planting pit - the Kaiser does not tolerate excess moisture.
- The pits on the eve of planting flowers are filled with nutritious soil mixture: oily clay, 1-2 buckets of well-rotted humus, about 100 grams of superphosphate.
- It is necessary to bury the seedlings of clematis Kaiser in the ground by 6-8 cm.The next year, a little more earth is poured around the plant - the height of the mound should be 10-15 cm.
- Immediately after planting, the seedling is trimmed. The Kaiser should have 2-4 buds, then the flower will take root well and take root faster in a new place. After a while, pruning is repeated, also leaving no more than four buds.
- Planted and trimmed clematis must be watered. To prevent the water from spreading, you can make a small groove around the seedling. The Kaiser should be watered with settled water at room temperature. The first watering should be abundant, subsequently clematis will have to be protected from excess moisture.
- To protect the roots from overheating, prevent the growth of weeds, the appearance of an earthen crust, mulch is laid near the clematis seedlings. Sawdust and peat are most suitable for these flowers.
- After planting, clematis will have to be shaded from the too hot sun. Adult plants do not like shade - the Kaiser will bloom only in the sun.
- For a climbing plant, which is Clematis Kaiser, supports are vital. These can be arches made of any material, special decorative sections sold in specialized stores, fences, gazebos, rope structures, and more.
- The flower grows very quickly, so you need to tie up its young shoots regularly (every 2-3 days). If the flower is not tied up in time, even a slight wind can damage it. For tying delicate stalks, fabric strips or special staples for flowers are used.
Advice! It should be borne in mind that the Kaiser bush will reach its full height only by the end of summer. Therefore, clematis supports should look aesthetically pleasing without the green carpet of leaves.
How to care for a flower
Clematis Kaiser needs competent planting and regular care - without the qualified help of a grower, a fragile plant will die. In principle, the care for the Kaiser is the same as for other flower crops. It is important to take into account the nuances of "character" and the requirements of clematis.
Important! When buying clematis seedlings, you need to pay attention to the marking. For example, the "marque" mark on the Kaiser's package indicates that the root system of the seedling has been cooled for better preservation and is in a moist substrate.
The beautiful flowering of clematis largely depends on the correct watering of the bushes. The Kaiser should be moisturized liberally but infrequently. The main condition for high-quality irrigation is that the water should wet the soil to the depth of the flower roots. It is recommended to loosen the soil immediately after moistening - this will help retain water.
The next time the flowers are watered, when the soil dries out not only from above, but also at a depth of 7-10 cm. In a rainy summer, the Kaiser is threatened with death from waterlogging. To protect the plant, you need to make a small groove near the bush to collect excess water.
Attention! Overheating is dangerous for clematis, so it is better to cover the ground around the bush with sawdust or peat chips.
You will have to feed the flowers regularly - clematis respond very well to high-quality fertilizers. The optimal feeding scheme for these plants is every seven days.
Fertilizers such as mineral complexes for climbing flowers, organic matter, and wood ash are perfect for the Kaiser. Any fertilizers are recommended to be diluted with water and applied under the bushes in the form of watering.
Large-flowered clematis, including the Kaiser, belong to the second pruning group, that is, weak. The second type of cropping is as follows:
- shortening the shoot immediately after planting;
- removal of basal processes in May-June;
- bush formation;
- in the middle of winter of the second year, old shoots are cut out, leaving several of the strongest buds;
- April-May is the time of shortening of last year's faded shoots, pruning young shoots, and forming a bush.
Advice! Do not neglect pruning clematis, because the abundance of their flowering and the size of the inflorescences depend on this.
Clematis can grow out under shelters, so the preparation of these flowers for wintering should be carried out in several stages. When the temperature drops to + 1- -3 degrees, the plants are left to harden for a while. Later, 10-15 cm of needles, sawdust, dry foliage, a mixture of sand and ash are poured into the base of the bush. After winter pruning, clematis can be covered with polypropylene bags.
If severe frosts begin in the region, it will be necessary to cover the clematis even better. To do this, use wooden boxes or build a special frame on which bags with straw, sawdust, leaves are placed.
Attention! You cannot make the flower shelter absolutely airtight - there must be ventilation holes.
Pests and diseases
The most common pests that pose a danger to the Kaiser are snails and slugs, nematodes, spider mites, and beet aphids. You need to fight these pests with the help of special tools. Sometimes the affected bushes have to be removed completely and burned. To prevent this, prevention is imperative.
Of the diseases, the Kaiser, like all clematis, is threatened by fungal infections of the root system and leaves, as well as various rot. Only a competent temperature and humidity regime can protect flowers.
Victoria 55 years old, Novosibirsk
Clematis is my weakness! There are already twelve different varieties flaunting on the site. Last year I also planted Kaiser, now I'm waiting for flowering. Usually, the next year after planting, the bushes bloom especially abundantly, let's see how it will be with this terry variety. While the buds are not visible, but in our area, spring is late - it is very cold and cloudy all the time
Flowers such as clematis simply cannot be ignored: long vines with beautiful carved leaves and large inflorescences of exotic shapes, variegated colors. The Kaiser variety is relatively young, but is very popular with flower growers. This success is due, first of all, to the size of the inflorescences and their doubleness. In addition, Kaiser is frost-hardy, it tolerates Russian winters better than other varieties of clematis.