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Kirkazon: medicinal properties and contraindications, photo, application

Kirkazon: medicinal properties and contraindications, photo, application


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Liana Kirkazon belongs to the genus of perennial grasses of the Kirkazonov family. The shoots of the plant can be erect or climbing, depending on the type of crop. Prefers to grow and develop in tropical climates. Some species belong to ornamental plants, they are grown in parks and greenhouses. Many have been shown to be effective in treating a number of diseases. However, it must be borne in mind that Kirkazon is toxic, only a doctor prescribes preparations with its content.

Botanical description

Kirkazon is actively used in areas for landscaping

Kirkazon is more known to those who are an adherent of treatment with folk methods, to a lesser extent the plant is known as a beautiful climbing liana with unusual flowers that can be planted on the site. Kirkazon looks great as a decoration for garden arches, swings, gazebos. Crop care is very simple, which is an added advantage.

The root system of the plant is creeping, covered with a cork substance, located in the upper layer of the soil. The stalk of the Kirkazon resembles a long cord, but as it develops, it is first covered with a young green bark, and then it acquires a brown color and cracks. Liana grows quickly, the total length of shoots sometimes reaches more than 10 m. Kirkazon braids houses, small buildings, objects and trees.

The plant has an abundant green mass, rich crown. The leaf plates are bright in color, large, heart-shaped, with smooth edges. The flowers have a unique structure - they lack a corolla, but have a perianth in the form of a curved jug. The fruit of the Kirkazon is a spherical box.

Where does Kirkazon grow

In natural habitat, Kirkazon vines can be found in the tropical and temperate climates of Africa, America and some regions of Asia. About 7 types of culture grow on the territory of Russia. They grow in the European part of the country, as well as in the Far East and the North Caucasus.

Types of Kirkazon

Up to 200 plant species are known in the world, in Russia there are much fewer of them, but they are actively used in many household plots. Liana Kirkazon (pictured) looks beautiful on a vertical support and protects the site from the negative effects of the environment.

Twisted Kirkazon

Twisted vine variety has medicinal properties

The plant belongs to a herbaceous liana, the stems of which reach a length of 1 m. The bark of Kirkazon is light in color and has a strong odor. The length of the leaf plate is up to 10 cm. The flowers are about 1.5 cm, the fruit is a small oval box 35 mm in diameter. Twisted kirkazon bloom occurs in July and August. The plant is endowed with medicinal properties; for this purpose, fruits and rhizomes are used, preparing them in a certain way. In Korean and Chinese medicine, a decoction of the fruit is used to treat a number of diseases.

Kirkazon of Salvador

Kirkazon Salvador effectively blooms with large bright flowers that do not have a smell

This vine has a stiff trunk, 15 m in height, but young specimens in the first years of life do not differ in growth rate. The plant requires additional support. The leaves are large, bright green, up to 30 cm. The shape of each plate is rounded, slightly pointed at the end. On both sides, the leaf of the plant is covered with fine nap. The flowers of the creeper are brown, shaped like a jug.

Kirkazon serpentine

Serpentine vine is highly toxic

The variety of this kirkazon also resembles a liana and is capable of entangling buildings with long stems and very large trees. The leaf plates are dense, with a bright green hue. The plant is toxic. It contains substances that, in large quantities, can cause a negative reaction from the body. It is known that this particular type of Kirkazon vine helps with snake bites.

Kirkazon Shteip

Liana Shteipa - a plant with unique flowers

This variety of Kirkazon often grows up to 30 m in length under favorable conditions. It grows in the mountainous regions of the Krasnodar Territory. The flowers of the plant are very large, single. The color is yellow and purple. The bulk of plants from the genus Kirkazon grass are pollinated by mosquitoes, flies and beetles, but the Shteyp species, according to some sources, is exclusively a butterfly - Allancastria, which lives in the Caucasus. Liana kirkazon Shteypa is listed in the Red Book of the Krasnodar Territory.

Large-leaved

The large-leaved liana lives up to its name - the leaf plates of the plant are really large

The bark on the liana kirkazon of a dull green hue, cracks as it develops and acquires a dark color. The leaves of the plant are large - up to 30 cm in diameter. It is noted that the color of the leaf plates on one stem may differ. This gives the plant a mosaic effect. Flowering begins in June, buds emerge from the axils of the leaves. The flowers of the plant resemble small jugs, their color is yellowish-green.

Felt

Another name for felt kirkazon is fluffy

This curly type of plant reaches a length of 10 m. Its name is due to the fact that the long stems of the vine are covered with felt pile. Leaves are matte, light green, oval in shape. Their length is no more than 16 cm. Vine flowers appear in early June, they are small in size, about 3.5 cm.

Manchurian

Kirkazon Manchu flowers resemble smoking pipes or gramophones

Liana is abundantly covered with dark green foliage, woody stems. Flowering begins in early May. Beige petals. It is noted that certain glands are located on the large leaf plates of the plant, which exude a camphor aroma.

Application in landscape design

Liana kirkazon, according to the description and photo, is a plant of extraordinary beauty. That is why it is readily used in landscape design. The creeping stems of the crop allow it to grow in height. The green mass is quite thick, in some species the leaf plates on one shoot have a different shade, which attracts attention. Separately, it is worth highlighting the flowers of kirkazon. In most cases, they are large, bright in color, their appearance resembles smoking pipes or small gramophones. The buds of the plant are formed on thin, barely visible branches, this gives the impression that the flower is hanging in the air.

Such splendor is used in gardens, park areas, summer cottages. However, such popularity in landscape design is due not only to the beauty of the plant, but also to simple agricultural technology, as well as rapid development. Liana Kirkazon is more often used in vertical plantings for quick landscaping of fences, gazebos, for creating tunnels.

Reproduction methods

Liana can be propagated in several ways. Each of them has its own advantages and disadvantages. The most commonly used breeding methods for Kirkazon include:

  • seminal;
  • layering;
  • cuttings.

In the spring, the vine can be propagated by layering. To do this, bend the most suitable plant shoot to the ground, lay it in a groove prepared in advance and sprinkle it with nutritious soil. It is necessary to water the cuttings regularly, and in the fall, the young plant can be cut off with a sharp tool from the mother bush and transplanted to a new place.

If the desired method of propagation by seeds, then it is important to plant them in the ground no later than 2 months after collection, otherwise the seed will lose its quality. It is recommended to land before winter. Heat-loving species of Kirkazon must be grown in seedlings.

Cuttings are the main breeding method for Kirkazon

The most effective way to propagate lianas is by cuttings. Gardeners consider it to be the most convenient, since cuttings are quite simple to cut. This procedure is carried out in the fall, after the end of flowering, or in the spring before the beginning of the period of sap flow. You can root the plant directly in the open field, using a film shelter in the cold season.

Landing rules

Although liana is considered an unpretentious plant, it must be grown competently, based on the basic norms of agricultural technology. It is important to prepare in advance for the Kirkazon a place, a landing site, soil, and take into account the most favorable terms.

Recommended timing

The timing of planting kirkazon directly depends on how resistant the planted crop is to frosty weather. The plant can be planted in spring and fall. Cold-resistant varieties are planted in autumn using seedlings of two or three years. Those varieties that suffer during the cold season should be planted in the spring so that they have time to adapt over the summer. When planting Kirkazon in autumn, there is a great risk that the plant will not have time to take root. Therefore, you should use additional funds and carry out the correct care for Kirkazon.

Selection and preparation for planting

The landing site must be chosen carefully, taking into account the peculiarities of the culture. Kirkazon needs sunlight, but most of the day he should not be under direct influence. Light is better diffused. If the plant grows in a shaded part of the garden, then its development gradually stops.

Particular attention should be paid to the soil, to prepare it in advance. The soil should be light, nutritious and loose. To do this, mix it with organic matter, sand and clay. Groundwater should not be located nearby, so as not to cause waterlogging.

In the prepared soil, make holes up to 50 cm deep. The distance between the plants should be at least a meter, since the culture is growing rapidly. In each hole, you need to make a good drainage layer of sand and expanded clay. At the same stage, it is important to take into account that the Kirkazon vines will need support.

Landing algorithm

Planting Kirkazon in open ground and subsequent care of the plant does not cause much trouble

The algorithm for planting Kirkazon in open ground is as follows:

  1. Dig planting holes.
  2. Place a drainage layer on the bottom of each.
  3. Shorten the strong roots of each specimen by 1/5, weaker ones by 1/3.
  4. Immerse the vine in the center of the planting hole and gently straighten the root system.
  5. Sprinkle with soil mixture, leaving the root collar of the plant flush with the soil surface.
  6. Compact the soil around the plant.

Immediately after landing, you will need to install supports, given that Kirkazon is growing actively. The height of each should be about 8 m and be quite stable, since the stems and green mass of the culture are weighty.

Care rules

The main care for any plant consists in the correct watering regime, feeding schedule, timely loosening and preventive irrigation from pests and insects. In addition, closer to winter, you need to make sure that the vine can safely endure frosts. The crop also needs regular pruning as it grows quickly.

Watering and feeding schedule

Watering should be of medium intensity. The plant belongs to moisture-loving crops, but it hardly tolerates waterlogging of the soil. When the period is too dry, the Kirkazon will need daily irrigation of the green mass. Without moisture, leaf plates rapidly lose their turgor.

Top dressing of Kirkazon must be combined with watering. During one season, 1-2 make-ups are enough. For this procedure, you can use a mullein in a 1:10 ratio.

Weeding and loosening

Immediately after watering, you can loosen the soil and remove weeds. Since the root system is located in the upper layers of the soil, the procedure must be performed carefully so as not to damage the roots. Loosening is necessary for any plant, as the soil is actively enriched with oxygen.

Important! Sometimes you can mulch the soil around the stem, mixing it with rotted fallen leaves. Mulch will protect Kirkazon from overdrying, nourish it with useful substances.

Pruning

The green mass of the creeper requires regular pruning.

Plant pruning is done for sanitary purposes, when injured stems that are exposed to insects and disease, rotted or dried out are removed. Also, pruning is necessary to maintain the decorative appearance of the culture, having come up with a specific shape for it. This will help Kirkazon grow and develop more actively.

Preparing for winter

Although the plant is thermophilic, it tolerates winter frosts well, nevertheless, it needs preparation for the cold. Shelter will be required primarily for the root system to protect it from freezing. The older the culture is, the easier it is for it to survive the cold. Young specimens will require increased attention. Their stems must be carefully removed from the supports and laid out in a circle on the ground. You can cover them with foliage, spruce branches, non-woven fabric, and after the snow falls, throw it on top.

Diseases and pests

Kirkazon is quite resistant to both diseases and insect pests. However, in case of errors in care, overflow, untimely pruning, which leads to crowding of green mass and insufficient ventilation, there is a possibility of developing some ailments. In addition to these adverse factors, insects that parasitize nearby crops can attack Kirkazon. Therefore, periodic inspections are necessary not only for vines, but also for those plants that grow nearby.

Healing properties of Kirkazon herb

Kirkazon herb (pictured) has long been known for its medicinal properties.

The ground part of Kirkazon for medicinal purposes is harvested during flowering

The chemical composition of the plant allows it to be used as a wound healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic agent. With the help of this culture, many diseases are treated:

  • hypertension;
  • pathology of digestion, heart;
  • skin diseases;
  • gynecological disorders;
  • oncology;
  • cold.

In addition, the herb is used to stimulate labor and relieve this process. It is worth mentioning that Kirkazone-based products strengthen the immune system well.

Attention! For treatment, all parts of the vine are used - leaves, flowers, stems and the root of kirkazon. Powders, ointments, decoctions, infusions and tinctures are prepared from them.

The use of Kirkazon in folk medicine

Kirkazon has healing properties due to its rich and varied composition. However, it is very toxic and the dosage must be strictly observed. In Chinese and Oriental medicine, the plant is successfully used for a variety of diseases, and among African peoples it is widely used for snake bites.

In our folk medicine, the plant is used for influenza, cough, sore throat, cystitis and erosion, migraine and neurasthenia. For the treatment of skin diseases, external agents from Kirkazone are used - ointment or powder, as well as compresses. The plant is good for eczema, bedsores, purulent wounds, diaper rash.

In gynecology

The useful qualities of vines depend on the composition of the herb.

For a number of gynecological ailments, Kirkazon is very effective. It is actively used for the following female problems:

  • violation of the menstrual cycle;
  • fungal infections;
  • benign tumors;
  • inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes.

It has been noticed that a remedy based on Kirkazone has a positive effect on lactation and prevents the development of mastitis. The healing properties of Kirkazone in gynecology are beyond doubt, but it cannot be used during pregnancy.

For wounds and skin diseases

Kirkazon is well established for the treatment of a number of skin conditions.It is used as an additional remedy for the treatment of complex forms of psoriasis. Moreover, the drug can be used externally and internally in the form of infusions, lotions, baths, compresses. The product cleanses the blood, calms the nervous system, protects against the effects of bacteria and other microorganisms. Kirkazon is widely used for purulent wounds, preparing a tincture from the herb and applying it externally.

With oncology

The plant is considered an effective remedy for oncology. However, the treatment of such complex diseases must be agreed with the doctor. Its effectiveness in cancerous tumors is due to the presence of aristolochic acids in the composition, which are aggressive towards various types of neoplasms and metastases. But there are no drugs based on Kirkazone yet.

For colds

All parts of the vine contain a high amount of essential oils, acids, resins and other active components, which, in case of colds, show themselves as diaphoretic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. With the help of decoctions, infusions, you can get rid of cough, sore throat, runny nose, lower the temperature and alleviate the general condition of the body.

For immunity

Liana Kirkazon can be taken not only for certain pathologies, but also for prophylaxis, affecting the immune system.

The plant's effectiveness for the immune system is due to its high content of many vitamins and minerals. To strengthen the immune system, you need to take funds based on Kirkazone inside.

Limitations and contraindications

Preparations based on this medicinal plant should not be taken by the following persons:

  • children;
  • pregnant women;
  • patients with gastritis and some inflammatory processes in the body.

Means with Kirkazon have contraindications

Care should be taken for people with a tendency to allergic manifestations and individual intolerance.

Collection and preparation of raw materials

To start treatment with Kirkazon, you will need to correctly collect and prepare raw materials. It should be borne in mind that during flowering, you can prepare stems and leaves. The underground part of the culture is dug up in the fall.

The stems and leaves are dried in a well-ventilated area, but they protect the raw materials from sunlight. The roots must be rinsed and dried in the oven. You can store the prepared raw materials for no more than 2 years in a dark place.

Conclusion

Liana kirkazon is not only a beautiful plant that gardeners are actively planting in their plots, but also a culture with medicinal properties. The list of pathologies for which liana helps is quite impressive. However, do not forget about the restrictions and contraindications. In addition, a doctor's consultation is required before starting treatment.


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