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Green chili pepper: varieties, benefits, cultivation

Green chili pepper: varieties, benefits, cultivation


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Green hot peppers are nothing more than hot chili peppers that have not reached biological ripeness. He has not yet had time to acquire a bright red color, but he has already accumulated the full composition of useful substances. Due to the significant content of vitamin C and capsaicin in the composition, green hot peppers are used for cosmetic and medicinal purposes. In addition, they are actively used in cooking.

Benefit

Green pepper is not as hot as red, but it can still help with pain symptoms of various kinds, as well as with inflammation of the joints. It can relieve the symptoms of arthritis and neuralgia.

In particular, the burning green fruit will be useful for those who are struggling with excess weight. Due to its composition, hot peppers raise body temperature, thereby promoting the breakdown of body fat.

Important! Its action extends specifically to fat cells. In this case, carbohydrates are not broken down.

Hot green capsicum effectively kills infections of the oral cavity, helps to get rid of intestinal disorders and poisoning. Its positive effect on the digestive system is also noted.

Important! With existing diseases of the digestive system, hot green peppers can do more harm than good. Therefore, with gastritis and peptic ulcer diseases, it is strictly forbidden to use it.

But all the beneficial properties of this pungent fruit pale in comparison to its ability to fight cancer cells. Capsaicin, which is part of it, causes cancer cells to self-destruct without damaging healthy tissue.

Important! A number of studies have shown that hot chili peppers, consumed regularly, are able to get rid of cancer of the prostate, digestive tract and lungs.

Bitter peppers can only provide health benefits when consumed in moderation. When used excessively, it can only do harm.

Characteristics of varieties

Since green hot peppers are an unripe fruit of red peppers, they have no special varieties. But there are several varieties of ordinary red hot peppers that are more popular in their unripe form.

Anaheim

This hot pepper variety is also known as the California Chile. It is not hard to guess that North America became his homeland. The pod of this variety is up to 7 cm long and tastes quite hot. Its weight will be no more than 10 grams. The dark green hot peppers of the Anaheim variety acquire a bright red color as they ripen.

Hot peppers of this variety can be used with equal success for culinary and medicinal purposes. It is one of the most high-vitamin varieties of hot peppers. It contains more protein and fiber than other varieties.

Its yield will be up to 0.4 kg of burning fruits per square meter. Such a yield of this variety can be achieved by planting 8-10 plants per square meter.

Serrano

This hot pepper variety is a Mexican variety of hot chili peppers. It got its name from the Sierra Mountains. Its peppers are quite small - only 4 cm. They are bullet-shaped and have a shiny skin. Like other varieties, during the period of technical maturity, the fruit is colored green, and during the biological period, red.

Important! When technically ripe, its green fruits are already ready for consumption, but do not yet have the sharpness of ripe fruits.

Due to the thin partitions, chili peppers of this variety are not as hot as other varieties. This greatly expands the possibilities of its application in cooking. It is used well as a seasoning for dishes and marinades.

It is a high yielding variety. Serrano peppers can be harvested 3 months after the first shoots appear.

Growing recommendations

There are two ways to grow hot peppers:

  1. On the windowsill.
  2. Outdoors or in a greenhouse.

Let's take a look at each of these methods.

Growing green hot peppers on a windowsill can not only provide the necessary supply of its fruits, but also decorate any interior due to its decorative appearance. Indeed, during the fruiting period, small green bushes hung with small fruits can compete with all houseplants.

In order to grow hot chili peppers at home, you need to sow seeds. The best time for this will be February. The whole sowing procedure is not complicated at all and includes the following steps:

  1. It is necessary to take any two-liter container and pour boiling water over it.
  2. Drainage is laid on its bottom - it can be expanded clay, charcoal or crushed stone.
  3. The soil is poured on top. Its composition includes humus, leafy earth and sand in a ratio of 5: 3: 2.
  4. On its surface, holes are made 1.5 cm deep.
  5. Soaked and slightly swollen seeds are planted in the holes. You can plant 2-3 pieces in one hole.
  6. Cover the fresh planting with plastic or glass.

The first shoots of hot peppers will appear in about a week. When their first leaves grow, young plants need to be planted. You can also leave them in the selected container, while removing weak and excess shoots.

Any window is suitable for the plant for optimal growth, as long as there is a lot of light on it.

Advice! In a plant that has grown to 20 cm, it is necessary to pinch the crown. If this is not done, the plant will not start branching and the fruits will not set.

Caring for green hot peppers on the windowsill is only regular watering. Fertilization is possible. Getting your first crop will depend on the variety you choose. But as a rule, you should not wait for it earlier than 2 months from the first shoots.

Chili peppers can also be grown outdoors and in a greenhouse. Hot pepper, like its sweet counterpart, is quite demanding on light and warmth. Therefore, in the northern regions, it is grown in greenhouses.

In other areas, it can grow well and outdoors. Hot peppers can grow on almost all soils, except especially acidic ones. It will delight with a rich harvest of burning fruits when planted on sandy loam, medium loamy soils with a light composition and a neutral level of acidity.

In order to grow hot peppers on your site, you need to prepare seedlings. It is prepared in the same way as seedlings of sweet peppers and tomatoes: in February - early March. Before planting in the ground, the seeds must first be soaked.

Important! The container and soil must be decontaminated with either potassium permanganate or boiling water.

After the emergence of seedlings, you need to wait for the first two leaves and transfer the young plants to separate containers or peat pots. The plants of this acute culture, which have not yet matured, tolerate transplantation rather poorly, so it must be done very carefully, trying not to damage the root system. Transplanted plants must be protected from any stress: transfers, drafts, temperature fluctuations. The optimum temperature for them will be +20 degrees. At the same time, the night temperature should be slightly lower, but not less than +15 degrees.

Advice! Good results are obtained by hardening seedlings, especially if they are grown in the open field.

For this, containers with seedlings are taken out into the street and left until the evening. This is done only at daytime temperatures above +10 degrees.

When young seedlings reach 15 cm in height, they can be transplanted to a permanent place. After the end of the adaptation period in a new place, the tops of young plants must be pinched. You can understand that the adaptation took place by the fresh leaves that the plants will release in a new place.

Mandatory for hot peppers is the pinching procedure. Without it, the harvest of sharp fruits will be rather poor. Only 5 upper shoots should be left on each plant, the rest should be removed.

Further care for hot peppers consists in regular watering and feeding. Recommendations for watering plants:

  • The water should be rain or settled, but always warm.
  • Before flowering, plants are watered no more than 1 time per week. In hot weather, it can be increased up to 2 times a week. At the same time, it is recommended to use up to 12 liters of water per square meter.
  • During flowering and fruit formation - up to 3 times a week with a rate of up to 14 liters per square meter.

Top dressing of green hot peppers is made only during the flowering and fruiting period. Good results are shown by the introduction of rotted mullein, ash, solution from nettle leaves, dandelion and coltsfoot.

Important! Top dressing is done no more than 1 time in 10 days.

In addition, hot peppers respond well to loosening.

Subject to these simple recommendations, green hot pepper plants will delight the gardener with a rich harvest, which is of great benefit.

Testimonials

Maria, 29 years old, Kubinka

I planted hot peppers at home. I didn't think that something worthwhile would grow, but I was mistaken. The bush was just a sight for sore eyes. The peppers did not grow as spicy as I expected, perhaps they were missing something. It is very convenient to use when cooking.

Anna, 34 years old, Podolsk

We plant Serrano in a greenhouse with bell peppers. Seedlings of this plant are easy to prepare, and they are undemanding to care for. You just need to water regularly and be sure to ventilate the greenhouse. We use green spicy fruits for cooking, red ones go to pickles and marinades. I recommend this hot pepper variety.


Watch the video: How to grow green chilli, best time, seeds, beds and growing method tips in tunnel farming, IR farm (December 2022).

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