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Bittersweet nightshade is a perennial grape or creeping shrub. He is a member of the Solanaceae family, which contains many edible plants, such as potatoes, tomatoes, and some peppers, and includes some fairly poisonous plants, such as Belladonna. Medicine uses the healing properties of the plant.
The length of the leaves varies from 4 to 12 cm, they alternately grow on the stem. The blade plates at the base are scapular, which gives them the shape of an arrow.
The flowers are small, bright purple with an attractive yellow middle. Curved petals 1 cm long. Stamens bright yellow.
Ripe fruits are red, shiny, round and ovoid in size 1 cm. They contain about 30 yellow flattened seeds. The lower stems of the plant can form a tree shrub. The stems are bare, slightly hairy. The upper part of the plant is a grassy vine.
The plant is common in North America, Europe and Asia. In New Zealand, nightshade has become a weed. Solanum acquired wide distribution in the 19th century. It grows in swamps, forest depressions, along river banks, on roadsides. Nightshade loves soils that have already been used in human activities.
Flowering occurs in May-September. In areas where winter is hard, plants usually die close to the ground. But in areas with milder winters, the stems can remain thick and woody. Sweet nightshade does not withstand cultivation.
Active substances nightshade
Wood nightshade contains solanine, an alkaloid glycoside. It promotes excretion from the body and leads to vomiting and convulsions. The effect of solanum substances depends on the soil on which it grows.
The berries are attractive, but very bitter in taste. Unripe fruits are more toxic than ripe. Berries are more toxic than leaves, and leaves are more toxic than stems and roots.
Features of the collection of bittersweet nightshade
The healing and beneficial properties of nightshade red
The plant is toxic, but in the right concentrations can cure some diseases:
- The decoction of the stem is very useful for the treatment of skin diseases, mainly eczema, psoriasis, ulcers.
- Plant juice was used to treat insect bites
- Solanum alkaloids, along with some others belonging to other species of the same family, are used in the study of certain drugs to stop the development of skin cancer.
- Nightshade was used as a sedative.
- Plant extracts are used for rheumatic lesions.
- The plant is used to treat swelling in the legs and gout.
- The broth has diuretic properties and is used for obesity.
- Solanum tincture is used for problems in blood circulation due to hypertension or cholesterol. It reduces blood volume and facilitates blood flow.
- A decoction is used to treat kidney stones. Grass increases urination, reduces the possibility of kidney stones.
- Sedative properties of the plant are used to alleviate asthmatic signs of coughing, this is important in cold weather.
In ancient times, the fruits of nightshade were used as a cosmetic product and made creams for skin beauty. However, there is evidence that the use of fresh berries on the skin or mucous membranes causes side effects.
Procurement of medicinal raw materials
Blossoms nightshade from July to September. Harvesting the aerial parts of nightshade is carried out in the summer. The stem, leaves, flowers are dried in the shade and in a ventilated area. Keep away from other herbs, as nightshade can transmit toxic substances.
Indications and features of the use of bittersweet nightshade tincture
Solanum tincture is effective in treating the most acute problems associated with the common cold. The tool is also useful in the treatment of chronic skin diseases of a pustular, vesicular or scaly nature, especially if the disorder has affected a person for a very long time.
Nightshade are mainly used in syrups or decoctions for the treatment of skin diseases, the treatment of syphilitic diseases, as well as for rheumatic and caries problems. Decoctions and syrups are also used to treat ulcers, as well as in the treatment of diseases of the breast, leukorrhea, jaundice and menstrual problems caused by vaginal obstruction.
Solanum tinctures are also very effective in treating scaly skin diseases and other types of disorders. The medicine is also effective for painful menstruation, especially when it is accompanied by symptoms such as persistent headache, nausea, and sensations of cold.
Small doses of tincture are useful in treating problems such as shortness of breath, cough. The remedies are also useful for relieving catarrhal pain caused by acute colds in the treatment of nasal catarrh. Nightshade can be used as a common tool.It has a mild effect on the stomach and actively helps in the secretion of enzymes.
It is also effective in treating acute and chronic rheumatism in people who are exposed to cold or live in cold or humid areas.
Take tincture of nightshade 4 times a day, 5-6 ml before meals.
Traditional medicine recipes with red nightshade
With inflammation of the tonsils
Pound the powdered mortar and add the pork fat. Put the resulting composition on a cotton towel and place on the site of inflammation.
Decoction of shoots
Dry grass in an amount of 3 g pour a glass of water. You need to cook the mixture for 15 minutes in a water bath, squeeze and add water to the original level. Take 1/3 of the volume of the mug 3 times a day after eating.
The healing properties of bittersweet nightshade
Infusion of grass
Dry grass in the amount of 1 tsp. adjusted to a powder state in 0.5 l of boiling water, the broth costs an hour. Take 30 ml three times a day before dinner.
Herb Powder For Eczema
Apply inside 0.1 g three times a day for a week.
Young stems and leaves are poured with 2 glasses of boiling water and 1 tsp of young stems with leaves and flowers. Cover the infusion with a cloth and let stand 4 hours. Take a teaspoon three times during the day before dinner.
Contraindications and possible harm to red nightshade
Large doses of tincture of nightshade red lead to side effects such as dryness, fever, extreme thirst, stomach discomfort, or vomiting. These symptoms may be accompanied by diarrhea, prostration, fainting, spasmodic twitching of the whole body.
In some people, improper doses of grass cause depression and affect arterial blood flow. Side effects are also in the severity of the head, dizziness. A person may develop cutaneous erythema.
In case of poisoning, a vomiting reflex, salivation, abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea are observed. A person becomes lethargic, sleepy, it even comes to paralysis and unconsciousness. In laboratory diagnostics, it is possible to detect the presence of alkaloids in the tissue and urine. Fragments of plants are found in the gastrointestinal tract. Some say that eating 6 berries can lead to paralysis. The documents found poisoning in cattle, horses and sheep. Some sources consider nightshade as a narcotic plant.
Solanum tincture is able to suppress libido, it can not be used by people who have heart problems, diarrhea. The drug is contraindicated in lactation and pregnant women.
Growing nightshade red
Seeds must be pre-stratified before sowing; hold the seeds in cold water for several weeks at the end of April. After that, plant them in open ground in early May, seedlings will germinate faster if you maintain good soil moisture.
The site should be open, a place for planting without foreign plants. All species of nightshades prefer a full or partial sun, as well as moist soil, which will be loamy and fertile. However, due to its nature, this the plant can adapt to drier conditions and other types of soil layer.
An aggressive plant is soldered enough so that it does not grow and destroy all the garden inhabitants around it, dig a metal frame under the ground or enclose the place with a grate. If it has grown and “swallowed” other plants, you need to get rid of it by completely removing all parts. You can throw them into the fire. Some gardeners use the Roundup herbicide because nothing else helps. When working with the plant, be sure to wear gloves, otherwise an unpleasant rash and allergies may appear on the skin.
Poisonous berries of Russia
Opinions about bittersweet solancer are mixed. His images can be found in textbooks OBZH, which means that it is dangerous to humans. In any case, the plant is toxic and requires admission under the supervision of a specialist. Do not grow it on your site if you have children.