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When to transplant badan in the fall, care and how to prune for the winter

When to transplant badan in the fall, care and how to prune for the winter


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The use of badan in landscape design is becoming more and more popular. It pleases with its presence from early spring to late autumn and attracts the owners of summer cottages not only with its spectacular appearance, but also with its unpretentiousness, ease of planting and care. About once every 6 years, he needs a transplant to prevent it from overgrowing and displacing other plants. It is possible to plant a berry in autumn and spring. Some gardeners divide the bushes and transplant even in summer, but this option is permissible only if the weather is not hot.

Badan is used in landscape design to decorate garden plots

When badan is transplanted: in spring or autumn

You can replant the plant in early spring, before flowering begins, and in the fall. The second option is preferable.

Features of autumn planting

Planting in the fall has its own characteristics. It depends on the climate, weather conditions, location, soil. In the fall, berry is planted with a bush, dividing an adult specimen into parts or separating a process from it. This method is very simple and even a novice gardener can handle it.

When planting, it should be borne in mind that the plant grows in breadth, so you should not save space.

Important! Badan is unpretentious and is not afraid of cold weather. But in severe frosts with little or no snow, flower buds and leaves can freeze.

Time for transplant

It is advisable to transplant an adult bush in the fall in early September. In areas with hot climates, it is recommended to move to a later date - to October, but not further than the first decade of the month.

Badan preparation

Strongly overgrown old berry more than 10 years old definitely needs a transplant. In this case, it is best to divide the bush. The young specimens obtained in this way will be planted in a new place.

Digging up badan is not difficult, since the root system is shallow

Before removing it from the soil, it is dug in from all sides, slightly stepping back from the leaves. It is not necessary to go deeply, the roots are close to the surface. It is enough to dig to the depth of the bayonet, pry it from below and pull out the bush along with a lump of earth. The roots must be freed from the soil. To do this, knead the lump with your hands and shake the plant. Then cut off the damaged and dry leaves with a pruning shears. At this point, an adult bush must be divided. Do it with your hands or with a sharp knife. For planting in the fall, the most solid parts with several outlets are selected. There should be at least three buds on the separated bush. All leaves must be removed from them, leaving a few of the youngest.

Seat selection

Badan is undemanding to its habitat, it feels good almost everywhere. When choosing a place for it, you should still try to create growing conditions close to natural.

Badan in nature loves to settle on the slopes of the mountains

It should be borne in mind that its roots do not penetrate into the deep layers of the soil and are located at its surface. This means that the ground must be loose.

Badan grows well in different parts of the garden in partial shade, in sunlit areas and in the shade. But you need to know some features:

  1. In dense shade, especially on soils rich in organic compounds, it will very quickly build up a powerful green mass, but it will rarely bloom.
  2. The best place for badan is partial shade, since the roots located close to the surface can be bare, and sunlight is bad for them.
  3. Badan needs good lighting. He should be in the sun for at least 2-3 hours a day.

When making rockeries or alpine hills, it is recommended to plant badan on the north-western, north-eastern, northern slope.

A good solution is planting near garden ponds, but it should be borne in mind that the badan does not like a lot of moisture, wetlands and areas where melt or rain water stagnates. Under such conditions, berry will grow slowly and bloom poorly. In this case, good drainage in the soil is required, then its development will be successful even on the shore of the reservoir and with a minimum of maintenance.

Important! The place for the badan must be chosen so that at noon it is in the shade.

Priming

Badan is not picky about the composition of the soil and grows on different soil. Well-drained, light, fertile soils are best suited for him. It is not recommended to plant it in clayey areas.

Transplant stages

Transplanting badan in the fall consists of the following steps:

  1. First of all, you need to prepare the holes. For bergenia, you do not need to make them deep, since the root system is close to the surface. It should be about 6 cm.The distance between them is up to 40 cm.
  2. A layer of crushed stone or coarse sand is poured onto the bottom as drainage.
  3. For planting, you need to prepare the soil mixture. This will require one part of leaf compost and 2 parts of fine pebbles with sand.
  4. It is recommended to wash the roots of the delenka with a weak solution of potassium permanganate to prevent disease.
  5. Place the plant in the hole, spread the roots, crush the soil around, put the prepared soil mixture. Delenki must be deepened into the soil to the very leaves.
  6. Water the seedlings abundantly.

Care

Badan is an unpretentious perennial plant that grows beautifully by itself, suppresses weeds and does not require special attention.

After transplanting in the fall, the plant takes time to bloom again violently. Badan takes root in a new place for a long time, and flowers appear in the second or third year.

When transplanting, it is recommended to mulch the land around the plant.

A bush transplanted in the fall, which has not yet had time to acclimatize, must be insulated for the winter. A thick layer of mulch is suitable as a covering material: peat, dry fallen leaves, spruce branches.

Watering and feeding

The first 3 weeks after transplanting in the fall, the badan needs regular watering. The rest of the time, do this only when necessary, in order to prevent the earth from drying out.

As for feeding, there is no need to apply fertilizers in the fall.

Immediately after planting, the berry is watered abundantly

Are they pruned for the winter

In autumn, it is recommended to cut off dried inflorescences in berry. Leaves are removed after wintering in April.

Diseases and pests

Badan has a fairly good resistance to pests and possible diseases.

With regard to diseases, fungal infections are the main problem. Their development is facilitated by high humidity, crowding, and the wrong landing site.

The most common fungal disease is rhizome decay. Plants growing on heavy substrates, clay soils with stagnant water are especially prone to it. Treatment consists of spraying with fungicides, thinning the plantings, providing fresh air, establishing a watering and care regime.

It looks like a plant affected by a fungal disease

In addition, spot infection is characteristic of bergenia. Its signs are black spots with sharp outlines. Gradually they become brown and then gray. A whitish bloom can be seen on the back of the leaves. Even low temperatures do not save from this disease. Treatment consists in spraying with foundation and Bordeaux mixture, complete removal of affected leaves.

Most often, badan is affected by the slobbering penny, which reproduces well in the shade of the plant. Chemicals are used for treatment. In addition, a slug can attack the flower.

Another pest is the roundworm nematode, which poses a serious threat. In case of significant damage, the plant, as a rule, dies. The eggs of the pest remain on the roots, so the dug plant must be destroyed. The plot of land where nematodes have settled must be carefully treated with chemicals. It is not recommended to plant anything here for at least a year.

Pests include crows that peck out the buds.

Conclusion

Planting bergenia in the fall is appropriate when a transplant of an overgrown bush is required. It can grow without problems in one place for more than 10 years, while it grows strongly, suppressing other species. But such a thickening does not bring aesthetic pleasure to summer residents, and the flowering of the badan itself may stop due to tightness. Therefore, he needs a transplant every 6 years in the fall. Doing this too often is not recommended, as he will not have time to recover, which can lead to illness.


Watch the video: How to Prune Knockout Roses in Winter (December 2022).

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