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Probably, there is not a single summer resident in our country who has not grown zucchini on his site. This plant is very popular among gardeners, as it brings early and abundant harvests and is not whimsical to care for. In addition, if you choose a variety or hybrid of zucchini that is fully adapted to growing in your climatic zone, the yield will increase from year to year.
New varieties and hybrids of zucchini
Gardeners who grow vegetables every season know how intensively breeders are working to develop new hybrids. Every year, varieties with higher yields, better palatability and high resistance to diseases appear on the shelves of shops and markets.
Recent seasons have delighted gardeners with new early ripening zucchini hybrids. These plants belong to bush plants, and therefore can be placed in a garden or greenhouse more compactly, but the yield of each new hybrid is significantly increased. On average, each variety produces up to 10 kg of zucchini per bush. Moreover, today such results can be achieved even when growing seedlings in open ground on any soil.
Attention! Harvest on time, overgrown zucchini are not always suitable for cooking and canning and are not subject to long-term storage.
Breeders pay great attention to the taste of zucchini. Today's hybrids have a delicate flavor, and the skin is so smooth and thin that the zucchini may not even be peeled before use.
The best early maturing varieties and hybrids
Growing early-maturing zucchini is always a pleasure for the gardener. The best hybrids bred by selection for greenhouses, greenhouses and open ground grow literally before our eyes. Choosing a suitable, healthy variety, you can observe how the fruit adds up to 5-7 cm in growth per day.
Early hybrids are exceptionally good for central Russia, the Urals and Siberia, where the spring is late, cold and rainy. Zucchini in this area is grown in greenhouses or in open areas in the second stage (after early cucumbers or greens).
Self-pollinated hybrid with early maturity. Fruits appear on the bush as early as 35-40 days after the first germination. For early harvests, it is better to grow Iskander in greenhouses and greenhouses. The length of one mature fruit can reach 15 cm, and the average weight is up to 250-300 grams. This is one of the few hybrids that do not lose their presentation and taste, even if they stop.
An early self-pollinated hybrid. A plant in the form of a bush without long lashes. Vegetation begins 40-45 days after the seed is hatched. The fruits are regular in shape, but when overgrown, they become pear-like. Breeders bred Aral F1, fully adapting it to the cold climate of the Northern regions of Russia. It is also well resistant to high humidity, without root and fruit rotting characteristic of other varieties. Productivity does not decrease even in rainy summers. Features of growing the Aral hybrid - it must be fed regularly. The average length of a ripe fruit is 15-17 cm.
A beautiful early ripe fruitful variety of zucchini. The skin is thin, has a dark green color with light green blotches. Vegetation begins 40-45 days after the seeds are hatched. Tsukesha is resistant to cold snaps in the air and on the soil, therefore it tolerates early planting of seedlings in open ground.
In addition, the fruits perfectly tolerate long-term storage and transportation, without losing their presentation and taste. Distinctive features of the variety - high yield with regular feeding of zucchini with mineral fertilizers. The length of the fruit during the ripening period reaches 15-17 cm, 10-12 kg of vegetables are removed from one bush.
Self-pollinated hybrid that bears fruit as early as 45 days after planting. The fruits are light green, even, medium-sized. During the ripening period, one zucchini grows to a size of 12-15 cm, with an average weight of 150-200 grams. Aliya is ideal for canning early harvests. Subject to all the rules of plant care and regular watering, the hybrid gives a high yield. Up to 10 kg of fruits are removed from one bush. Distinctive features of the fruit are resistance to strong winds, torrential rains and hail, when planting zucchini in open ground. The stem and leaf are quickly restored, they tolerate the invasion of pests, peronosporosis, powdery mildew, root rot well.
The variety is early maturing with a long growing season and abundant sustainable yields. The first fruits are harvested already on the 40th day after planting the planting material. Zucchini of regular cylindrical shape, dense, rounded, but rarely grows more than 15-17 cm in length. A distinctive feature of the variety - when overgrown, the zucchini becomes like a pear and is covered with dense ribs. The plant is resistant to fungal diseases, sudden changes in temperature. Gives large yields both in greenhouses and in greenhouses.
Early hybrids with dense, medium-sized fruits, excellent for canning. The fruits are light, thin, during the ripening period the size does not exceed 12-14 cm, and the weight is 150-200 gr. Up to 8-10 kg of zucchini are harvested from one bush during the yield period.
An early ripe hybrid with a growing season of up to two months. Fruits appear on the bush 35-40 days after planting seeds in the ground. Zucchini of an even cylindrical shape, light green in color. A distinctive feature of cultivation is regular plant feeding and pollination of seedlings.
Decorating your garden
Real gardeners are people who make every effort not only to have a lot of harvest. They work tirelessly on their plots, trying to get exotic and beautiful fruits.
Here are just a few varieties and hybrids of zucchini, growing which you will get real aesthetic pleasure:
Orange miracle, Zolotinka and Golda
Here are three varieties that can be a bright and unforgettable decoration for any garden. The skin is colored bright orange, all fruits are elongated. The length of one zucchini in the period of full maturity reaches 12-15 cm, and the pulp is juicy and pleasant to the taste.
Sailor and Astoria
Two zucchini hybrids. The sailor is an amazingly beautiful elongated marrow. It has a dark green skin with bright longitudinal stripes. Astoria is dark green in color, the skin is smooth and shiny. These are two more hybrids, worthy of the attention of those who like to diversify the color scheme of their site.
A round zucchini resembling a small and unripe watermelon in appearance. The skin is dense, dark green in color. During full ripening, one such zucchini can weigh up to 3 kilograms. Two or three fruits are enough to preserve a good batch of squash caviar for the winter. The skin of the fruit is dense and ribbed, which makes it possible to harvest fresh crops. Observing the correct storage conditions, Boatsman zucchini can be kept until the next harvest.
Unique early ripe fruit. The growing season begins 35-40 days after the seed has hatched. The weight of one zucchini during the ripening period reaches 0.8-1.2 kg. Fruits have an even oval shape, the skin is white, even and shiny. The pulp is of medium density, slightly sweetish in taste. The appearance of the crop in the garden is very beautiful. Up to 4-5 ripe vegetables can grow from one node. The variety is great for cooking, caviar, stuffing and canning.
A round hybrid with pronounced stripes on a light green skin. The zucchini got its name thanks to its longitudinal ribs. The variety is high-yielding. Fruits are small, ideal for stuffing. Up to 5 fruits are formed in one node, and they develop and ripen almost simultaneously.
Every season, domestic breeding develops and develops new varieties and hybrids of zucchini in order to please summer residents both by the growing process itself and by an aesthetically beautiful and unusual look. When choosing planting material for growing, pay attention to the instructions on the package. Some hybrids require some care, watering and feeding.
Features of growing bush hybrids
Bush hybrids visually differ significantly from ordinary varieties, but this does not affect the productivity of plants. Seeds of bush hybrids can be planted for seedlings both in greenhouse conditions and in open ground. Shrub hybrids of zucchini are distinguished by high productivity and resistance to possible spring cold snaps, therefore they feel very good in dachas and vegetable gardens in central Russia and Siberia.
However, with all the compactness and convenience of growing these varieties, gardeners should understand that if the seedlings are planted too close to each other, this can affect the yield of zucchini. Each bush hybrid has its own planting scheme, described in the instructions, but experienced gardeners recommend placing the plant so that one bush occupies about 1m2... Such an area is necessary for the plant for the root system, which grows in breadth in the zucchini, and not in depth. Proper watering and adherence to all growing standards will give you the opportunity to get large and friendly harvests.
Important! If you are growing zucchini for the first time, be sure to remember that this is a thermophilic plant that grows well under natural light and regular watering.
Seedlings or seeds of bush hybrids are not recommended to be planted in acidic soils, although many varieties are bred for all soils and soils. The fact is that zucchini, being in an acidic or slightly alkaline environment, becomes bitter. It also loses its taste with insufficient watering.
Almost all planting material prepared by breeders is pre-processed and does not need disinfection and hardening. But those gardeners who have been growing zucchini for several years still recommend keeping the seeds in a weak solution of potassium permanganate before sowing.
In open ground, seedlings of bush hybrids are planted after 3-4 leaves appear on it. Immediately before planting, the soil must be fertilized with organic and mineral fertilizers.
Watch an interesting video about the new exotic spaghetti zucchini hybrid: