We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The yield of honey from one hive per season depends on many factors: both basic and indirect. It is difficult even for an experienced beekeeper to predict the pumping volume by 100%.
What factors affect the amount of honey
The amount of honey harvest produced by 1 bee family is affected by:
- the severity of winter weather;
- the size of the bee nest;
- productivity of bees;
- the timing of the onset of the spring season;
- the number of rainy and sunny summer days;
- the time of the onset of the autumn season.
Accordingly, the longer the warm and sunny season lasts, the more honey can be collected from one hive.
Depending on the climatic zone, beekeepers also choose bee breeds. The Carpathian and Central Russian individuals are considered the most resistant to frosty winters and changeable summer in central Russia.
The quality and quantity of the harvest is also influenced by the honey base. The preferred options for placing apiaries are places near mass plantings of flowering trees or sown meadows. The most useful for gathering include linden and buckwheat.
If there are not enough honey plants in the area, beekeepers use the nomadic method, in which the hives are transported closer to the flowering plantations.
Important! It is not advisable to travel outside one climatic zone. Insects can be stressed, which can negatively affect the future harvest.
How much honey does one bee bring?
In the process of feeding, the bee can bring about 30 mg of nectar to the hive. In a good period, the insect makes about ten flights and the collection reaches 40 - 50 mg at a time. To get 1 tsp. honey she needs to make 2 thousand flights.
How much honey does a bee bring in its life
The lifespan of an individual depends on the time of birth. On average, a bee lives for about 60 days. And only 20 of them make productive flights.
The least live bees born in spring. The peak of the honey harvesting season in the summer makes the insects work at a "shock" pace. This significantly shortens the lifespan.
Summer births live longer, but generally do not survive frosty winters.
Bees born in the fall are able to survive until the next summer and take part in the harvest. This is due to the winter dormant period and a nutritious diet rich in microelements.
Flying about 40 km per day, the bee brings 17 - 20 g of nectar. From this amount, ¼ g of the final product is obtained.
Thus, the insect during its life brings about 5 g, or 1/2 hour of delicacies.
How much honey does the hive give
The volume of the bribe is influenced by the size of the beekeeper and its design. The most effective are the spacious multi-hive hives.
The absence of overheating preserves the activity of insects, increases their endurance for long flights, and also minimizes the likelihood of swarming.
On average, beekeepers can harvest about 16 kilograms from the hive.
How much honey does the hive bring per day?
Obtaining treats from 1 hive depends on the size. The smallest contain 8 frames. The maximum possible number of frames is 24.
The house can accommodate from 70 to 110 thousand individuals. Taking these data into account, from one hive per day, you can get from 1 to 1.5 kg of honey.
How much honey is in the Dadant frame
The nest frame, designed by Charles Dadant, has a size of 430 * 300 mm, the half-frame is 430 * 150 mm.
According to the creator, in order to obtain the maximum number of liters of honey from one hive per season, houses with 12 frames or 24 half frames are optimal.
The second option is the most popular.
So, one half-frame with honey weighs 2 - 2.5 kg. In this case, the weight of the frame itself reaches 1.5 - 2 kg, and wax - up to 100 g. As a result, 24 - 32 kg are collected from 1 hive.
How much honey can you get from a hive per season with a nomadic apiary
The principle of nomadic beekeeping presupposes repeated - from two to seven - movements of the apiary to places at the peak of flowering.
This creates high labor costs for moving, financial investments and the risk of family death due to changing conditions. However, throughout the season, the nomadic maintenance of the apiary significantly increases the volume of bribe from the honey base.
Experienced beekeepers recommend reducing the number of hives and making every effort to increase the productivity of each remaining nest.
Under good weather conditions, minimal risks of swarming and death of insects, 1 hive of a mobile apiary gives about 150 kg of honey per season. In the most successful years, this figure can reach 200 kg.
How much honey does the hive bring in a season at a stationary apiary
In a good year, the yield of honey from one hive is about 70 - 80 kg - with a comfortable way of keeping insects. The quality conditions of service include:
- regular supervision;
- habitual living conditions;
- availability of equipped rooms for pumping out;
- providing a good honey base.
The record level of product receipt is considered to be 100 kg.
Attention! At a stationary apiary, there is no possibility of obtaining a monofloral (linden, buckwheat, melilot, etc.) product.
How much honey can you collect from a hive over the summer
In central Russia, pumping is carried out twice a summer, in late June and early August.
The collection of honey from one hive of a standard type, equipped with 24 half-frames, is 15 - 20 kg. It's connected:
- with the inability to completely clean the honeycomb;
- the need to leave food to the bees themselves.
In a good summer, one hive brings 30 - 40 kg of honey.
How much honey does the hive give per year
Bees are able to replenish their reserves up to four times per season in the conditions of central Russia. In the southern regions, the figure reaches ten.
During the season, 70 - 80 kg of honey can be collected from one hive.
With the maximum collection, the amount of product from 1 bee nest can reach up to 200 kg.
Depending on the type of hives, the number of frames received with the product changes:
- body (small) - 8;
- loungers (overall) - 24.
Important! It is impossible to pump out the product from completely unsealed honeycombs: it will be of poor quality.
How to calculate how much honey an apiary gives
On average, private apiaries keep up to 50 hives. 1 beekeeper contains 20 - 25 kg of natural sweetness. During the season, about 20% of the honey is left in the hives. This is necessary to maintain normal life and activity of the bees, as well as to feed them during pumping. With the last fence, the winter reserve should be at least 60%.
Considering that bribes are taken in central Russia no more than four times a year, up to 4 thousand kg of honey can be obtained from a standard apiary per year. In the southern regions, where pumping is carried out up to 10 times a year, the yield can reach 10 thousand kg.
Some beekeepers replace the natural product with sugar syrup. But, the lack of essential trace elements in winter nutrition can lead to the weakening and even death of bees.
The release of honey from one hive in a significant amount requires special knowledge. Good results are obtained by enriching food with vitamins, heating in winter and a nomadic keeping method.
Beekeeping is a very troublesome and painstaking job. However, the efforts made bring significant income. Experienced beekeepers often develop and apply new methods of increasing yields. The total profit depends on how much honey is pumped out from one hive per season.