Plant diseases and pests: effective control methods

Plant diseases and pests: effective control methods

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The land plots on which gardeners and summer residents grow various crops need careful and thorough care. It includes timely soil fertilization, plowing, weed harvesting, land rest (“steam”), watering, planting quality plants and so on. But there is another factor that must be taken into account in order to get a considerable and high-quality crop - pest control.

A huge number of pests eat up the color of plants, foliage, fruit ovary and the fruits of the plants themselves, leaving the owners of the plot “with a nose”, and we should choose the right method of controlling plant pests in order to preserve our garden and garden and prevent eating of beetles, midges and aphids . There are several effective ways to control pests, which we will examine in more detail in our article.

Agrotechnical method of pest control

This method consists in preventing diseases and the appearance of a large number of pests, that is, in prevention. Initially, it is required to study the soil composition on the site and determine its quality, which consists in many factors - nutrition, duration of use, groundwater level, acidity, etc. Be sure to take into account each indicator before starting the formation of a garden, vegetable garden, or greenhouse on a site.

Be sure to determine the level at which groundwater is located, since they affect some plants, especially with a powerful and deep root system that can bend or soak due to high groundwater.

It is also necessary to correctly calculate the timing of planting plants in open ground, since weak plants or their seedlings, early planted, can die due to non-compliance with the deadlines. The alternation of plants on the ground is also necessary, which helps to avoid some plant diseases.

Resistance to many diseases, as well as to certain pests, can guarantee timely fertilizing of the soil, as well as its loosening, which must be done at certain times. Do not forget about cleaning vegetable debris from the planting area. In crumbled leaves, under a layer of ground weed, in dry grass, insects can everywhere be found that damage the plant from the outside and from the inside.

Planting plants at the right distance from each other can provide them with minimal protection against plant diseases that are transmitted, therefore, it is best to plant related garden crops that are grown at the same time and in a single way at a distance.

It is good when certain methods help to avoid plant diseases and pests, but it happens that these measures do not help. In this case, we advise you to use chemical methods of controlling pests and diseases, and also not to forget about mechanical and biological methods.

The mechanical way to control pests

This method is quite simple and we already described it in one of our articles on pests, but we want to remind you that it is also necessary to prevent the appearance of more pests on plants. This method consists in the timely destruction of insects, their eggs and larvae, shaking them off the branches of plants and leaves, sometimes even cutting off entire branches that are most affected. For larger pests, such as rodents, there are special traps and traps.

Chemical way to control pests and diseases

This is the most effective way, which is used in case of poor performance of other methods of combating garden pests and diseases. Experts advise using the following drugs, which, in their opinion and experience, are the best:

  • herbicides - special preparations that are used for high-quality weed control;
  • zoocides - chemicals that are able to quickly and permanently rid the site of rodents;
  • molluscocides - drugs against slugs in the garden;
  • acaricides - a remedy for ticks;
  • fungicides - chemicals used to combat plant infections;
  • insecticides - quality insect repellents.

When using chemicals to control diseases and pests, the most important thing is the timely and even distribution of the right amount of the drug throughout the garden. You can not leave some parts of the land without impact, and on others to create foci of chemical exposure. In addition, the uneven distribution of pesticides can lead to the fact that a small part of the insects will not be destroyed and can develop immunity to the drug, which is fraught with new hordes of pests.

Biological Pest Control

This is the most humane way that can not harm the environment or people using chemical methods of pest control. This method is simple and based on the laws of nature, because there are many animals that feed on insects - frogs, lizards, hedgehogs, bats and so on.

As you can see, there are various ways to control pests and each of them is quite effective, but in order to get rid of pests or plant diseases for a long period, we advise you to use the complex effect and combine different methods of combating pests and garden diseases, it is then that you will get the perfect result. We recommend learning how to get rid of mosquitoes in the country.


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